App. B—Commissioned Background Papers . 39
Daiwa Securities America Inc.
Industrial Robot Maker Distribution By Number of Employees
Less than 50
The wide distribution of industrial robot makers is the result of
several factors. The makers were attracted and entered the field
giant electrical equipment and heavy machinery
growth potential their business.
of industrial robots Many have been motivated
originally by the need for robots within their own business to increase productivity and safety, overcome shortage of some skilled workers, and to enhance their ability to undertake small and medium batch multi-product manufacturing. This applies to the large electrical manufacturers such as Hitachi, Matsushita, Toshiba, Mitsubishi Electric and Fuji Electric. It also applies to the heavy equipment manufacturers such as Kawasaki Heavy
Industries, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Tokico, Shinmeiwa,
Daido, in diversifying attracted to robots.
Since robot application often must be custom-made for each and every user according to his specific production process, the robot maker, even if small, can specialize in a specific area of application and successfully
compete took to Aida in enabled
with the big corporations. produce robots in order to
Some of these smaller companies under- enhance their major products such as
hydraulic press manufacturing. The manufacturer to offer a total system
production of robots often rather than an individual
piece of equipment.
This phenomenon is seen
mainly among the machine Nachi-Fujikoshi and Komatsu.
Other small enterprises began to manufacture
robots for their own use and to firms such as Seiko and
Sailor Pen. Many firms branched into robots from handling equipment and conveyors. This included Tsubakimoto and Motoda.
manufacturing firms such as