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App. B—Commissioned Background Papers . 39

Daiwa Securities America Inc.

Page -13-

TABLE 11

Industrial Robot Maker Distribution By Number of Employees

33 companies

24.8 %

29 companies

21.8 %

15 companies

11.3 %

25 companies

18.8 %

31 companies

23.3 %

100.0 %

Less than 50

Total

133 companies

500 -

1000

1000-

5000

50

  • -

    500

More

than

5000

The wide distribution of industrial robot makers is the result of

several factors. The makers were attracted and entered the field

giant electrical equipment and heavy machinery

by

the high

to

diversify

growth potential their business.

of industrial robots Many have been motivated

originally by the need for robots within their own business to increase productivity and safety, overcome shortage of some skilled workers, and to enhance their ability to undertake small and medium batch multi-product manufacturing. This applies to the large electrical manufacturers such as Hitachi, Matsushita, Toshiba, Mitsubishi Electric and Fuji Electric. It also applies to the heavy equipment manufacturers such as Kawasaki Heavy

Industries, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Tokico, Shinmeiwa,

Ishikawajima-Harima.

Some

of

the

steel

makers

such

as

Kobe

Daido, in diversifying attracted to robots.

their

operations

into

heavy

machinery,

and Steel

also

and were

Since robot application often must be custom-made for each and every user according to his specific production process, the robot maker, even if small, can specialize in a specific area of application and successfully

compete took to Aida in enabled

with the big corporations. produce robots in order to

Some of these smaller companies under- enhance their major products such as

the the

hydraulic press manufacturing. The manufacturer to offer a total system

production of robots often rather than an individual

piece of equipment.

This phenomenon is seen

makers

such

as

Fujitsu

Fanuc,

Toshiba

Seiki,

mainly among the machine Nachi-Fujikoshi and Komatsu.

Other small enterprises began to manufacture

then

ultimately

marketed

them.

This

applies

robots for their own use and to firms such as Seiko and

Sailor Pen. Many firms branched into robots from handling equipment and conveyors. This included Tsubakimoto and Motoda.

manufacturing firms such as

materials

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