Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics
Daiwa Securities America Inc.
1) Industrial robots ,unlike special purpose automated machines, are programmable, and, as a consequence, are both flexible and versatile. A robot’s movements may be altered merely by changing its program.
2) Industrial robots can perform beyond the physical and mechanical
abilities of humans.
They do not tire from long and continuous hours of
work in an environment which may
humans. (They sonal needs) .
uncomfortable, if not hazardous to overcome fatigue or to meet per-
3) Industrial robots perform with a high fidelity and accuracy in compliance with the instructions which they receive from man.
As a result of their versatility, super-human capability, and high fidelity to programming, industrial robots have changed in many ways the production scene in which they are employed.
The flexibility and versatility of industrial robots makes possible
the automation of multi-product small batch and
mixed-flow-line is restricted to
model mass diversified
production. to the point
Recently, consumer demand where according to Japanese
has become increasingly estimates, fully 80%
of mechanized low volume of output.
products are manufactured in a moderate-to- Thus, the nature of contemporary consumer
demand and particularly Japan’s desire to accommodate a wide diversity of export requirements necessitated and encouraged the use of industrial robots.
Ease of Phasing in Product Design Modification and Model Changeover. A complete changeover or even a modification in a product model
often require changing or at least radically rebuilding
a special purpose instead, a mere
change in program is required.
flexibility geous .
As the product
life cycle shortens, becomes increasingly
Improved Operating Ratio and Increased Operating Time.
Unlike men, industrial robots can operate on a 24 hour basis and therefore, the machines, they service can also operate on a 24 hour basis. Furthermore, industrial robots are capable of performing functions at a high speed which exceed human limitations.