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    Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics

Daiwa Securities America Inc.

Page -18-

1) Industrial robots ,unlike special purpose automated machines, are programmable, and, as a consequence, are both flexible and versatile. A robot’s movements may be altered merely by changing its program.

2) Industrial robots can perform beyond the physical and mechanical

abilities of humans.

They do not tire from long and continuous hours of

work in an environment which may

humans. (They sonal needs) .

require

no

breaks

be to

uncomfortable, if not hazardous to overcome fatigue or to meet per-

3) Industrial robots perform with a high fidelity and accuracy in compliance with the instructions which they receive from man.

As a result of their versatility, super-human capability, and high fidelity to programming, industrial robots have changed in many ways the production scene in which they are employed.

1.

Automation

of

Multi-Product

Small

Batch

and

Mixed-Flow

Production

Line.

The flexibility and versatility of industrial robots makes possible

the automation of multi-product small batch and

duction.

The

special

purpose

automated

machine

mixed-flow-line is restricted to

pro- limited

model mass diversified

production. to the point

Recently, consumer demand where according to Japanese

has become increasingly estimates, fully 80%

industry’s

of mechanized low volume of output.

products are manufactured in a moderate-to- Thus, the nature of contemporary consumer

demand and particularly Japan’s desire to accommodate a wide diversity of export requirements necessitated and encouraged the use of industrial robots.

2.

Ease of Phasing in Product Design Modification and Model Changeover. A complete changeover or even a modification in a product model

often require changing or at least radically rebuilding

automated

machine.

Where

an

industrial

robot

is

used

a special purpose instead, a mere

change in program is required.

flexibility geous .

and

versatility

of

As the product

industrial

robots

life cycle shortens, becomes increasingly

the advanta-

3.

Improved Operating Ratio and Increased Operating Time.

Unlike men, industrial robots can operate on a 24 hour basis and therefore, the machines, they service can also operate on a 24 hour basis. Furthermore, industrial robots are capable of performing functions at a high speed which exceed human limitations.

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