App. B—Commissioned Background Papers
Daiwa Securities America Inc.
Ability to Withstand Severe Working Conditions.
The industrial robot can work in an environment which is adverse to humans. Human beings require a host of conditions to make the working atmosphere both pleasant and safe-ventilation, proper lighting, air conditioning, or at least temperature control, and a variety of safety devices and conditions.
Ability to Execute Proper and Accurate Motions and the Ability to Cope Elastically with Changing Production Volume.
The sustained stability of industrial robot operation--their ability to work continuously and accurately faithful to their man-given instructions-- eliminates slumps and spurts and provides a smoother production flow. This ability also enables increased production demands to be met effectively.
To the Japanese the introduction
of industrial robots means a the typical traditional mass pro-
ates the system.
According to the Japanese, the industrial robot
reduced psychological resistance permitted its more effective use.
to the conveyor system and thus They believe that human satisfaction
derived from the human qualitative improvement
control over in labor.
The characteristics of the industrial robots-- combined with the change
in the production system to a man-dominated robot-machine system led to the creation of completely new technologies and to their application
in exploiting oceanic resources and in increasing utilization of
The wide socio-economic Impacts of the application of industrial robots expected by the Japanese roboticists has begun to be evident.
The automation of small-batch and multi-product mixed-flow line production saved man-hours and reduced in-process and accumulated inventory. The improved operating ratio and increased operating time