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App. B—Commissioned Background Papers

Daiwa Securities America Inc.

Page -19-

4.

Ability to Withstand Severe Working Conditions.

The industrial robot can work in an environment which is adverse to humans. Human beings require a host of conditions to make the working atmosphere both pleasant and safe-ventilation, proper lighting, air conditioning, or at least temperature control, and a variety of safety devices and conditions.

5.

Ability to Execute Proper and Accurate Motions and the Ability to Cope Elastically with Changing Production Volume.

The sustained stability of industrial robot operation--their ability to work continuously and accurately faithful to their man-given instructions-- eliminates slumps and spurts and provides a smoother production flow. This ability also enables increased production demands to be met effectively.

6.

Change

in

Nature

of

Production

System.

change

in

the

p

reduction

system.

duction

line

the

machine

determines

the

activity

of

the

operators--some-

To the Japanese the introduction

In

of industrial robots means a the typical traditional mass pro-

thing

pointedly

satirized

in

Chaplin’s

famous

film,

“Modern

Times”.

The

operator

programs

the

industrial

robot

and

therefore,

the

human

domin-

ates the system.

According to the Japanese, the industrial robot

reduced psychological resistance permitted its more effective use.

to the conveyor system and thus They believe that human satisfaction

derived from the human qualitative improvement

control over in labor.

the

robot

and

this

attitude

led

to

7.

Creation

of

New

Technologies.

The characteristics of the industrial robots-- combined with the change

in the production system to a man-dominated robot-machine system led to the creation of completely new technologies and to their application

in exploiting oceanic resources and in increasing utilization of

energy.

Robot

applications

have also

been

forecast.

to

health,

household,

and

cleaning

nuclear duties

The wide socio-economic Impacts of the application of industrial robots expected by the Japanese roboticists has begun to be evident.

1.

Improvement

of

Productivity.

The automation of small-batch and multi-product mixed-flow line production saved man-hours and reduced in-process and accumulated inventory. The improved operating ratio and increased operating time

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