App. B—Commissioned Background Papers
Daiwa Securities America Inc.
quality and human satisfactions from the human control
a system society.
corresponded better to a In recent years, Japan’s
more highly educated society has witnessed
of robots. Such and aging a growing shift
from blue-collar to white-collar occupations and the industrial robot enables corporations to accommodate to this trend. Human resources liberated from adverse work environments and from monotonous repe- titive manual jobs are rechanneled into more intellectually demanding
robot operations and maintenance positions.
For example, manual
repetitive tasks under a
microscope, and a robot reduces the
Robot utilization makes possible greater employment opportunity for the infirm, elderly and female work force in industries where heavy and continuous loading /unloading or carrying a heavy welding gun were required. The “humanization” or work life contributed to employment stability, reducing absences from work.
Industrial robots contributed to conservation of resources, a high priority factor especially since the oil crisis of 1973. These savings were achieved in a variety of ways:
a) The robot saved material-the paint spraying robot, for example, used 20- 30% less than the manual painters in many operations.
b) The ease of accommodating the robot to product design changes reduced investment in purchasing and /or rebuilding equipment.
d) The industrial robot, by working in unpleasant environment, reduced the energy consumption of air conditioning, ventilation, lighting, etc.
d) By its ability to operate on one, two or three shifts, the industrial robot resulted in reducing investment.
Robot shipments are also classified by user which shows the auto- mobile as the primary buyer except in 1980, when the electric appliance industry, which usually occupied second place, took the lead for the first time.