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App. B—Commissioned Background Papers

Daiwa Securities America Inc.

Page -33-

other than the process industries such as electrical and automobile manufacturing. In agriculture, robots will be used for crop dusting and spraying chemicals, harvesting fruit trees, tilling ground and even

milking and feeding of cows. in many aspects of forestry.

The Japanese expect robots to be used

A top priority has bee

n given to underwater geological surveying

and welding and machining (under 300 meters) . Komatsu already has

an underwater robot are being developed

being used in bridge building. In mining, robots

to

work

coal

and

ore

faces.

Robots

are

also

being

planned for building construction (especially multi-storied) and road

construction.

In

the

service

industries

robots

are

being

developed

to

clean walls and floors of buildings, cleaning

electrical

insulators

in

nuclear

energy.

The

of boat hulls, Japanese also

cleaning expect to

expand robot use in the hospital and the home.

However,

emphasized that the intelligent

the top priority for robot for assembly.

the

first

half

of

the

it should be decade remains

(9) Japan expects to be a major exporter of industrial robots. This requires some additional comment.

The Japanese expect that Western Europe and the U.S. , as well

as Eastern Europe, will make strong efforts to increase worker pro-

ductivity. These involve increased

“reindustrialization” programs will use of industrial robots and Japan

necessarily plans to export

them.

While exports of

expect that p reduction.

in

1985

and

robots were less than 2% in 1980, 1990, exports will constitute about

the Japanese 20% of

The Japanese attitude is expressed in the following view of Machida

of the Long Term Credit use are, technologically

Bank:

“The industrial robots presently

speaking,

still

in

their

infancy.

During

in the

1980’s they will mature from present, Japan is the number this child”.

boyhood to one country

the young qualified

adult to be

stage. At the parent

of

Accepting the challenge of Japan’s lack of innovativeness and creativity, Machida wrote “It has been said that Japan cannot be victorious in the pioneer technology which is producing sophisticated, knowledge- intensive products because we do not possess high creativity. However, the expanding exports of Japanese intelligent robots will soon bear testi- mony to the fact of our international competitive strength, not only in improvement technology and application technology, but in pioneer technology as well”.

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