App. B—Commissioned Background Papers
Daiwa Securities America Inc.
other than the process industries such as electrical and automobile manufacturing. In agriculture, robots will be used for crop dusting and spraying chemicals, harvesting fruit trees, tilling ground and even
milking and feeding of cows. in many aspects of forestry.
The Japanese expect robots to be used
A top priority has bee
n given to underwater geological surveying
and welding and machining (under 300 meters) . Komatsu already has
an underwater robot are being developed
being used in bridge building. In mining, robots
planned for building construction (especially multi-storied) and road
clean walls and floors of buildings, cleaning
of boat hulls, Japanese also
cleaning expect to
expand robot use in the hospital and the home.
emphasized that the intelligent
the top priority for robot for assembly.
it should be decade remains
(9) Japan expects to be a major exporter of industrial robots. This requires some additional comment.
The Japanese expect that Western Europe and the U.S. , as well
as Eastern Europe, will make strong efforts to increase worker pro-
ductivity. These involve increased
“reindustrialization” programs will use of industrial robots and Japan
necessarily plans to export
While exports of
expect that p reduction.
robots were less than 2% in 1980, 1990, exports will constitute about
the Japanese 20% of
The Japanese attitude is expressed in the following view of Machida
of the Long Term Credit use are, technologically
“The industrial robots presently
1980’s they will mature from present, Japan is the number this child”.
boyhood to one country
the young qualified
adult to be
stage. At the parent
Accepting the challenge of Japan’s lack of innovativeness and creativity, Machida wrote “It has been said that Japan cannot be victorious in the pioneer technology which is producing sophisticated, knowledge- intensive products because we do not possess high creativity. However, the expanding exports of Japanese intelligent robots will soon bear testi- mony to the fact of our international competitive strength, not only in improvement technology and application technology, but in pioneer technology as well”.