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    Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics

Although support of university research by

industry

is

on

the

rise, it is

dards.

University

still small efforts tend

by to

European or Japanese stan-

be

fragmented,

progress

is sporadic, the problems

and the issues addressed are of industrial manufacturing.

often

unrelated

to

NONPROFIT LABS

C. S. Draper Labs with Jim Nevins and Dan Whitney

studying a number

part-mating science

of

years.

They

have

and assembly system performed a variety

have been design for

of

assem-

developed a

theory of

the

use

part-mating.

Draper

has

also

bly

experiments

studied

the

use

of force feedback,

and

of

passive

compliance

in

done

economic

modeling

for

designing industrial systems,

and

real-time

the

space

shuttle

remote

manipulator

system

simulation

of

for NASA.

NSF

funding is about $200K per year.

of

industrial

clients

for

whom

Draper also has a number it performs design and con-

struction of advanced assembly systems. about $1 Million per year.

Total

funding

is

SRI International has an extensive

robot

research

program

that ject

dates

that

was

back to the SHAKEY Artificial Intelligence pro-

funded

by

ARPA

in

the

late

1960’s.

Presently

SRI’s program

is

machine vision

for

headed

by David Nitzan.

inspection

and

recognition.

Emphasis Some

is on very

sophisticated lapping parts

robot using

vision research structured light

is being done on over-

and

a

combination

of

binary and gray-scale printed-circuit board

vision. inspection,

Work is also being done on

programmable

assembly,

vision-guided

arc

welding,

and

semiautomatic

process

plan-

ning. $350K

Funding from NSF

per

year

from

is about $350K per year

industrial

affiliates.

with about SRI was the

first

robotics

gram.

Office

lab of

to develop an industrial affiliates

pro-

Naval

Research

contributes

approximately

250K for research in communication and cooperating robots to distribute their

negotiation between workload. Additional

$250K per year funding from NSF started in August work on printed-circuit board inspection.

1981

for

PRIVATE INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH LABS

General Motors has established a major robotics research ef-

fort have

at

the G. M. Research Labs in

concentrated

on

vision

and

have

Warren Michigan.

produced

a

new

vision

system

called

“CONSIGHT”.

This

system

has

a

They robot unique

method for obtaining silhouette images of parts on a

con-

veyor belt dependent on

eral

Motors

that

does not require back lighting and is not

contrast between the

is

also

interested

part and in small

the belt. Gen- parts assembly by

robots and contracted

automatic inspection.

with

Unimation

to

Several produce

years

the

PUMA

ago

they

robot;

a

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