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App. B—Commissioned Background Papers

project has funded several robot

tion projects.

A

contract

with

development and implementa- General Dynamics introduced

robots

into

drilling

and

routing

applications

in

aircraft

manufacturing.

A

contract

with

McDonnell-Douglas

resulted

in a robot programming language based on the

language,

A

contract

with

Lockheed

Georgia

APT

N/C

produced

a

tool study

of potential future aerospace applications tal funding was about $1 million per year.

for robots. This work is

To- now

completed. presently

Technical Modernization,

a

related

program

is

funding General Dynamics to design several aspects

of an lion

automated factory.

per

year.

Total

Funding for this is about

ICAM

funding

is

$17

million

$4 per

for

computer

based

information,

planning

and

control,

mil- year and

systems engineering methodologies for increased Estimated future ICAM funding for robotics is $2

automation. million per

year.

NASA has a number of small robotics projects at

several

of

its

centers.

JPL

has

a

project in stereo vision,

feedback grippers, and the use of

automatic

planning

force pro-

applications.

Langley Research

robot servicing

of spacecraft.

has developed a

prototype robot

grams for mission sequencing Center is doing research on Marshall Space Flight Center

arm

for

satellite

refurbishing

and

is

working

on

free-flying

teleoperators. development of

the

Johnson

space

Space

shuttle

Center

is

managing

the

remote

manipulator

system.

The total million.

NASA

reseach

budget for automation is about $2

The Naval Air development

Rework Facility in San Diego is

of

robots

to

remove

rivets

and

funding fasteners

the from

airplane wings,

}

to strip and repaint aircraft, and

form

wire assembly.

Total funding

for

these

three

to per- projects

is

about

$3

million

per

year.

The Naval Ocean Systems Center is currently exploring

vari-

ous military applications of There are specific interests

robot and teleoperator systems.

in

teleoperated

and

robot

sub-

mersibles, teleoperated

ed

lighter

than

air

and robot vehicles,

land vehicles, teleoperat-

underwater

manipulators,

stereo

optic

and

acoustic

vision,

remote presence,

auto-

nomous robot

and

complex

knowledge representation

and

robot

system

specification

decision making and verification.

These interests are distributed a total of $650K per year.

among

six

projects

funded

at

The total government funding for robotics is about $10 lion per year.

mil-

OVERSEAS RESEARCH Overseas robotics efforts are

considerably

better

funded.

  • ‚óŹ

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