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90 ‚óŹ Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics

CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY

RESEARCH PROGRAM IN INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS

Working Paper No. 108A

ROBOTICS,

PROGRAMMABLE AUTOMATION AND IMPROVING COMPETITIVENESS*

Bela Gold**

CONTENTS

I.

POLICY ANALYSIS FOUNDATIONS

  • A.

    Robotics and Programmable Automation in Manufacturing

    • 1.

      Programmable Automation

    • 2.

      On the Role of Robotics Within Programmable Automation

  • B.

    Robotics, Manufacturing Productivity and Costs

    • 1.

      On the Concept and Measurement of Productivity

    • 2.

      Exploring Productivity and Cost Effects of Robotics and Programmable Automation

  • C.

    Robotics, Manufacturing Technology and International Competitiveness

    • 1.

      Some Basic Perspectives on the Determinants of International Competitiveness

    • 2.

      Potential Contributions of Robotics and Programmable Automation to Improving International Competitiveness

Page 1

1

1 5

6 6

10

14

14

17

  • II.

    SOME BASIC POLICY ISSUES AND ALTERNATIVES

    • A.

      Basic Issues

    • B.

      Some Policy Needs and Alternatives

      • 1.

        On the Adequacy of Development Rates

  • 2.

    On the Adequacy of Diffusion Rates

  • 3.

    Effects of Altering Development and Diffusion Rates

  • 4 .

    Other Incentives and Deterrents

18 18 19

19 23

25 26

*

Prepared for the Robotics Workshop of the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment held in Washington, D. C. on JUlY 31, 1981.

**

William E. Umstattd Professor of Industrial Economics and Director of the Research Program in Industrial Economics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

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