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Quiz Review

Three Branches of Government

1. Legislative Branch - responsible for making the laws of the country, represented by

                                      two bodies: The House of Representative and the Senate

2. Executive Branch -  branch of government that is responsible for overseeing the

                                      management of the government

3. Judicial Branch -      responsible for interpreting the laws of the land as stated, or  

                                      implied, by the Constitution

4. separation of powers - a way of dividing power among three branches of government:

                                          Legislative, Executive, and Judicial in which each is selected

                                          by and responsible for distinct functions.

5. checks and balances -  the constitutional doctrine in which each branch of

                                          government shares some of the powers of the other    

                                          branches in order to limit their actions

6. enumerated powers -   17 specific powers granted to Congress by the Constitution of

                                           the United States

7. implied powers -  those powers not specifically listed in the Constitution that can be

          inferred from the enumerated powers.

                                  For Example: the power to draft people into the army

8. inherent powers - powers that do not have to be granted by the Constitution;

          For Example: conducting foreign affairs

9. elastic clause - a name given to the “necessary and proper clause”

10. executive privilege - the doctrine that the President does not have to share certain

                                        information with Congress or the Judicial Branch

11. veto - the formal constitutional authority of the President to reject bills passed

                by both houses of Congress preventing their becoming laws without further

               Congressional action

12. judicial review - the authority of a court to review the acts of the legislature, the  

                                 executive branch, or state to determine the constitutionality of these

                                 acts

13. unconstitutional - a law or action that is unauthorized by or inconsistent with the

                                    Constitution of the United States

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