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Essays of an Information Scientist, Vol:9, p.178, 1986

Current Contents, #22, p.3-8, June 2,

Click here for Pilgrimage to Wirikuta Picture

Ninos Huicholes Picture

Currsnt Cammemts”

EUGENE GARFIELD

INSTITUTE 3501 MAR

FOR KETST,

SCIENTIFIC PHI LADE

INFORMATION”

LPHIA,

PA

19104

Wirikuta” by

Emeteria

“Niiios

huicholes”

Huichol

Art at

1S1:

“Pilgrimage

Rios Martinez by Lark Lucas

to and

*

Number 22

During

the

past five years

I have

discussed

the

art and culture

of the

chol

Indians

of

Mexico.

1z

Huichols

in the traditional

ways of

are becoming

something

still live ancestors

often Hui- who their of an

art

collection

that currently

more

than

a dozen major

June

2, 1986

Her painting

joins

five-foot

corporate includes

panels.

a

works. Several of these-such

as “Wom-

an of the Earth’

and the murals

in the 1S1

“endangered the onslaught

species, ” trying of modern life.

siasm

for

collecting

Huichol

to survive My enthu- art has in-

Caring subjects

Center playground—will of future essays.

be

the

spired me

with

preserve

the

a determination

story

of

their

to help culture.

“Pflgrfmage to Wirfkuta”

In keeping

with

Huichof

tradition,

Thanks to Olga Vasquez, ist who first introduced

the art special- me to the Hui-

chol people, Martinez, the

I also met Emeteria

Rios

Huichol

artist

who

created

for the and

lS1° the two largest world.2.3 Over the Olga have become

yarn paintings in years, Emeteria a part of the 1S1

family and are close friends. Emeteria has continued works that we commissioned

to create for a var-

iety of occasions.

Her paintings

adorn

Rios Martinez x 10’ (61 cm

did not give a title x 305cm) painting

to the 2’ that we

have chosen to call “Pilgrimage

to Wiri-

depicts

the Huichols’

ceremonial

search

for the

peyote

plant.

The use

of pey-

kuta” (see Figure

1 in the insert),

which

containing,

among other

powerful

hallucinogen

ote—a

cactus

alkaloids,

the

mescaline—is

one of the

best known and

most studied

of Huichol

rituals.

1z The

plant grows

in the high

plateau

country

many walls at 1S1.

created

a

panoramic

More recently, she work that domi-

nates jacent

the to

executive

conference

room

my

office.

(See

insert

in

ad- the

center of thk issue.

) Olga and I discussed

the

theme

of

this

special

commission

during a

there’s

so

peyote

by

with Emeteria

visit to Mexico

1984. Since

much interest

the use of

the Huichok,

in in I

asked,

“Why not tell the story of the an-

the Huichols call some 300 miles east

Yearly

pilgrimages

Wirikuta,

a desert

of to

their homeland.

Wirikuta,

which

z

the peyote

discovered on

the trip

is

eaten during

special fiestas,

enabling

the

the Huichols of origin, are their religious

consider their spiritual land for many the high points of life. With great ceremony,

Huichols to commune gods.z

directly with their

nual pilgrimage

to Winkuta

[the sacred

Figures 2 through 6 show the details of

land And light

of the Huichols’

deified ancestors]?

let up

the background

be orange

our

daily

deliberations.”

to

Many arrived always,

months later, from Mexicana

Emeteria

had

two large crates

de

Aviaci6n.

As

written

the

story

depiction of

this central

Hui-

The painting

consists

of six

Emeteria’s chol rite.

scenes; the artist provided a commentary for each on the side. The gray serpent undulating

separate reverse its way

across

the

entire

work

is

the

messenger

of her painting ture of Spanish

in great detail (in a mix- and her native Huichol, a

Our Mother

Mes-

also symbolizes

the

of Tatei Nuanhuame, senger of the Rain. It

fanguage Aztecan

belonging family) on

to the far-flung Ut& the backs of the two

path followed by the pilgrims to ta and back to their homes. The

Winku- various

176

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