before. April 24, 1993 is a red-letter day in the history of Panchayati Raj in India as on this day the constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 came into force to provide constitutional status to the Panchyati Raj institutions.
73rd Amendment Act, 1992
The salient features of the Act are -
To provide 3-tier system of Panchayati Raj for all States having population of over 20 lakh.
To hold Panchayat elections regularly every 5 years.
To provide reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other backward Classes and women (not less than 33%)
To appoint State Finance Commission to make recommendations as regards the financial powers of the Panchayats.
To constitute District Planning Committee to prepare draft development plan for the district as a whole.
Powers and Responsibilities
According to the Constitution, Panchayats shall be given powers and authority to function as
institutions of self-government. The following powers and responsibilities are to be delegated to
Panchayats at the appropriate level :-
Preparation of plan for economic development and social justice.
Implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice in relation to 29 subjects given in Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution.
To levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees.
In persuance to the provisions of the Constitution (Seventy Third) Amendment Act, 1992, the U.P.
Panchayat Raj Act, 1947 and the U.P. Kshetra Samiti and Zila Parishad Adhinium, 1961, were amended accordingly and came into force on 22nd April, 1994. Government of Uttar Pradesh devolved administrative ad financial powers to Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) and strengthened these institutions of local self government. State government began the process of decentralization of power to the PRIs in the year 1999-2000.
The State Government follows the spirit of the Constitution
The State Government took the following steps to conform to the mandatory provisions of the 73rd
Constitution Amendment Act.
Three Tier Panchayati Raj System
Gram Panchayat at village level
Kshetra Panchayat at intermediate level
[ 380 ]