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190. The

Recently government of India has finalized The National Policy On The Voluntary Sector 2007.

main objective of

the

policy

for voluntary sector

is

given

in

the

Box. The

Non-

governmental closeness to

organizations with

their participatory approach,

grass

roots

and

better

insights

into

the

needs

alternative

development

agents.

The voluntary

sector has

emerged

people’s mobilising

capacity,

of as

the a

people have emerged as viable ‘third sector’ in the

developing countries next to

viable

institutional

frame

the government sector and the private enterprises. They have

work

to

serve

as

catalyst

for

development

and

change.

emerged as a " Voluntary

Organizations (VOs)/ services to vulnerable

NGOs in sections

the country have played a pioneering role in then provision of welfare specially for women , children and the handicapped. Fifties marked a

phenomenal

increase

in

the

number

of

voluntary

agencies

in

the

country.

They

expanded

their

activities

to cover practically every field of social welfare. They not only resources but also implemented projects sponsored by the state."

undertook

programmes

with

their

own

191.

In

the year 2000, the

then

Prime

Minister of

India

had

compared

Nation Building

with

driven by five

horses,

Government, the

State

Governments,

the

a chariot

that is

i.e., the

Central

Panchayati Raj Institutions

Private

Sector

and

the

(PRIs), the Voluntary

Organizations

(VOs)

Including

Community Based Organizations (CBOs).

He? felt

that Greater

involment

of

voluntary

organizations

will help

the

government efficient delivery

in

of

providing services

more at

substantially lower

costs

and create

gainful employment for young men and women.

thousand

of

Strength of Voluntary Organization

  • Dissemination of knowledge regarding local conditions and close communication with the local communities enabling them to assess local needs of the people and motivating them and enlisting their ready participation in the development programmes.

  • Flexibility of approach, less role bound, no rigid guidelines as in the government departments. This enables them to innovate, do action research and come out with the strategies really related to local needs.

  • Less complex administrative structure as compared to government departments.

  • Much closer to the poorest section of the society and they interact with the section directly across the table.

  • Use of local resources.

  • Committed to achieve local self sufficiency.

  • Involvement of women in the voluntary agencies programme.

  • Access to unpaid or less paid workers.

192.

Voluntary sector enjoys certain functional advantages, being community based, more accountable

and capable of providing services at a lesser cost. More significantly, voluntary organization have flexibility to develop innovative projects based on local needs and resources in contrast to standardization that normally characterizes governmental actions.

the the

Strength and Weakness of Voluntary Organization

193.

Voluntarism, civic responsibility and participatory development process are expected to generate

awareness,

reduce inefficiencies and

contribute

to

sustainable development. In addition,

voluntarism formulation

promotes

interaction with people and leads to the right identification of the problems and

of

appropriate

strategies

for

solving

them.

The

strength

and

weaknesses

of

voluntary

[ 420 ]

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