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organizations have been enumerated in the Box. It is a sound choice of policy, made by the planners to

promote voluntary action in programme identification,


and implementation n decentralized

modes. In addition, efforts are being made to improve the working of voluntary organizations by helping them in improving their capabilities, scaling up their operations and by making their selection and working

more transparent and accountable.

Growth of Voluntary Organization in various states


Voluntary Organizations in India, particularly in some States

, are creditably rendering support

in supplementing the efforts of State Governments towards community mobilization, social change and economic development by virtue of their mobilization endeavour, contacts and linkages with the people of

far flung and inaccessible areas.

Status of voulantarism in some of the prominent states is given below:

  • In Andhra Pradesh approx. 8.00 lakh SHGs are formed, involving over a crore of people including 1.0 lakh women and extension of the SHG concept to Forest management, Water use and Watershed development projects and Youth groups with the active participation of the Voluntary Organizations.

  • In Maharashtra voluntary sector or VOs have suggested prioritization of activities of

identification of

VOs capable

of taking up


actions since State Government has listed nine areas including watershed development, soil and water conservation, agriculture and cattle wealth, sanitation and drinking water, promotion of Information Technology & Biotechnology


  • For in ability they are to cooperate with each other.

  • Their accountability and transparency is not proved by and large.

  • operations are small in scale.

  • Uncertainty over availability of human and financial resources hampering planning of their activities.

wherein these can play a useful role. VOs working in watershed and rural development in Maharashtra came together to constitute a Federation at the State and district level to ensure not only better functioning but also transparency and accountability. VOs have entrusted the Federation with the right to examine / supervise their work and to deal with any complaint

against them. Government of Maharashtra had recognized the Federation

  • In Bihar VOs have done a creditable work in public health and sanitation, health education, literacy, rural development and social welfare

  • In Tamil Nadu, the voluntary sector has taken up activities in health & family welfare, literacy, land use, minor irrigation, sericulture and notably in human rights and child labour. The State has been actively promoting formation of women’s SHGs, sanitation, and AIDS prevention, through the NGOs.

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