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Short-comings in different programmes

202.

In spite of improvements in the levels of development in Uttar Pradesh, the traditional methods of

implementing various schemes, which depend largely on Government's efforts, are facing many short-

comings. Some of these are as under:-

  • Experience of implementation of several development programmes

services in rural areas is poor.

show that the reach of

  • Benefits of development have not percolated down to the poorest of the poor.

  • Administrative overheads often consume, the major part of financial allocations leaving little

for services.

  • Health services and primary education continue to be characterized by qualitative and quantitative deficiency.

  • Diversification in agriculture is yet to pick up pace.

  • Steps for empowerment of women, SCs/ STs/ OBCs in terms of organizational support and programme implementation have to be strengthened.

  • Soil conservation, land recovery, watershed development, greening of the environment, cleaning of rivers, rural development and slum development schemes are areas where voluntarism and participation can matter. These are areas that demand social mobilization and stakeholders’ involvement in voluntary modes.

  • Inefficient functioning of all-important infrastructure.

203.

The above mentioned illustrative deficiencies have to be overcome. That would demand

innovative approaches and strengthen voluntarism. Voluntarism, civic responsibility and participatory development process are expected to generate awareness, reduce inefficiencies and contribute to sustainable development. In addition, voluntarism promotes interaction with people and leads to the right identification of problems and formulation of appropriate strategies for solving them.

Voluntary sector in the various Five Year Plans

204.

In the history of development planning in the State, the first model of community participation was

put into practice during the First Five Year Plan. Since then, it has been continuously recognized that the right place for any development activity to take place, is the grass-root level. The Third Five Year Plan emphasized that "the concept of public cooperation is related to the much larger sphere of voluntary action in which the initiative and organizational responsibility rest completely with the people and does not rely

on legal sanctions or the power of the State for achieving its aims."

205.

During the Fourth and Fifth Plan periods, the thrust on public cooperation and involvement of

people's organizations lost pace due to external aggression on the country. Role of voluntary organizations in the development process got a further fill up in the Seventh Plan when it was declared that serious

efforts

would

be

made

to

involve

voluntary

organizations

in

various

development

programmes

to

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