economic development of the state. The real challenge at this state is not lack of resources but how to increase productivity and ensure quality of service delivery.
Various disasters like earthquake, landslides,volcanic eruptions, fires, flood and cyclones
are natural hazarads that kill thousands of people and destroy crores of Rupees of habitat and property each year. The rapid growth of population and its increased concentration often in hazardous environment has escalated both the frequency and severity of natural disasters. With the tropical climate and unstable land forms,coupled with deforestation,unplanned growth proliferation non-engineered constructions which make the disaster-prone areas more vulnerable,tardy communication,poor budgetary allocation for disaster prevention,developing countries suffer more or less chronically by natural disasters.
Among various hazards,earthquakes,landslides,floods
cyclones are the major disaters adversely affecting very large areas and population in the
Indian sub-continent. These
disasters such a
Hazard Vulnerability in UP Approx. 27 lakh hectares affected annually due to Floods The vulnerable rivers in Uttar Pradesh are Ghagra, Sharda, Rapti, Ganga, Kuano, Gandak. Annual estimated loss due to floods is around Rs. 2000 crores. The recurrence period of highly deficient rainfall in East U.P. has been calculated to be 6 to 8 years whereas in West U.P. it is 10 years.The year 2007 & 2009 were severe in terms of drought, with loss to crop, livestock and property assessed at Rs.7540 crores and Rs. 1194 crores respectively. The Terai belt districts of UP and entire districts of
Meerut,Ghaziabad, Gautambuddh Nagar, JP Nagar, Rampur,Moradabad, Bulandshar,in western UP are in the Earthquake High Damage Risk Zone-IV
The following are the Weak Zones In the State- may be termed as trigger points: Ridges
Delhi Muzaffarnagar Ridge
Faults Moradabad Fault
earthquakes, volcanio eruptions, land slides and (ii) climatic origin s uch as drought, flood, cyclone, locust, forest fire. Though it is almost impossible to fully recoup the damage caused by the disasters, it is possible to (i) minimize the potential risks by developing early warning strategies (ii) prepare and implement
developmental plans to provide resilience to such disasters (iii) mobilize resources including communication and telemedicine services, and (iv) to help in rehabilitation and post-disaster reconstruction.
Disaster Profile of Uttar Pradesh
A brief outline of the major disasters in UP has been given below:-
Important rivers which create floods in the State are the Ganga, the Yamuna, the Ramganga, the
Gomti, the Sharda, the Ghaghra, the Rapti and the Gandak. In the year 2009-2010 eastern districts of the
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