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year. The battalion was sent once more to Poland, this time in a bid to deliberately

expunge Poles, Jews and Gypsies. Although not much was known about the activities of

Battalion 101, evidence that began to be unearthed from the 1960s showed that the

members, after being sent again to Poland in 1941, after intensive training in Hamburg

and being involved in the deportation of Jews to eastern Europe, for the purpose of

roundup of Jews in the Polish district of Lublin. In mid-1942, the battalion was utilized in

the mass shooting of Jewish civilians, known as the Final Solution. In Poland, the

Battalion killed 38,000 Jews and deported 45,000 others.

The main argument that Goldhagen presents is that the chief trait of the German

character during the Second World War was that of nationality. It was the German

people’s hatred of the Jews that resulted in the cruelty of the Holocaust and Hitler’s SS

was simply instrumental in mobilizing the people’s feelings. Goldhagen (1996) writes,

"The most appropriate, indeed the only appropriate general proper name for the Germans

who perpetrated the Holocaust is 'Germans.' They were Germans acting in the name of

Germany and its highly popular leader, Adolf Hitler" (1996, page 6). Disregarding the

effects of economic depression and the fallout of the Versailles treaty, Goldhagen (1996)

maintains that

“antisemitism moved many thousands of 'ordinary' Germans--and would have

moved millions more, had they been appropriately positioned--to slaughter Jews.

Not economic hardship, not the coercive means of a totalitarian state, not social

psychological pressure, not invariable psychological propensities, but ideas about

Jews that were pervasive in Germany, and had been for decades, induced ordinary

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