RELATIONS INDUSTRIELLES/INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, 2004, VOL. 59, No 4
decision to devote two chapters to professional and white-collar workers. While this appears to have been moti- vated by a desire to update Lipset’s 1962 study on these workers’ attitudes towards unions, the chapters are redun- dant. It would have been better to have integrated the findings into a single chapter. It would have also been more interesting if the authors had examined the attitudes of other hard-to-organize workers (e.g., service and part-time workers). Another concern is the
occasional failure to provide timely data (e.g., the use of 1995 figures on public employment in Canada and the United States and 1997 figures on health care costs as a percentage of GDP).
These limitations aside, this is a provocative and interesting book that should appeal to anyone interested in differences in unionism in the two countries.
JOSEPH B. ROSE McMaster University
International and Comparative Employment Relations: Globalization and the Developed Market Economies edited by Greg J. BAMBER, Russell D. LANSBURY and Nick WAILES, 4th edition, London: Sage, 2004, 454 pages, ISBN 1-4129-0125-1 (pbk).
This book is an update of the popu- lar text whose last version appeared in 1998. Structurally it is identical to the last edition. There is an introductory chapter, 10 country studies, a conclusion and an excellent, extensive statistical appendix.
The introductory chapter by Greg Bamber, Russell Lansbury and new co-editor, Nick Wailes, contains a brief discussion of the nature of the subject, reasons for studying it and pitfalls of comparative analysis. The authors also review several frameworks for approaching the subject including John Dunlop’s IR Systems Framework, collective bargaining as an organizing concept, the convergence hypothesis and critical political economy. They also denote, as a major theme of the book, “the impact of globalization on employment relations.”
The core of the book consists of country chapters written by scholars gen- erally recognized to be among the most outstanding in their respective nations. Most have also been involved in com- parative research projects or are active in organizations such as the International Industrial Relations Association and thus are sensitive to international analysis .
Contributors include Mick Marchington, John Goodman and John Berridge from the UK; Harry Katz and Hoyt Wheeler from the USA; Mark Thompson and Daphne Taras from Canada; Russell Lansbury and Nick Wailes on Australia; Janine Goetschy and Annett Jobert from France; Olle Hammarström, Tony Huzzard and Tommy Nilsson from Sweden. Yasuo Kuwahara contributed the chapter on Japan and Young-Bum Park and Chris Leggett the one on South Korea. New authors include Sarafino Negrelli and Peter Sheldon doing Italy and Berndt Keller writing on Germany.
Although the authors define employ- ment relations as comprehending labour relations and human resource manage- ment, the basic organizational frame- work for each chapter appears to be Dunlop’s IR Systems Framework. After describing the economic, political and social climate, the authors commonly discuss the role of labour organizations, employer organizations and the state and the interaction between them including prominently “collective bargaining, arbitration and other forms of job regula- tion.” In addition, each chapter contains a section on contemporary concerns in which such “human resource” issues as