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District. Hence

there is

no possibility

of any other

human-induced

activity,

other

than

endosulfan

LMIPPE February 2002

rules of pest control.

And hence it is concluded that the

Nevertheless, it is felt that the study must also consider other possible causative factors as well. The causative factors must either be due to some human-induced activity or due to some natural phenomenon.

Health and Environmental problems of this nature can also be caused by human-induced activity which involves industrial processes especially of hazardous nature related to radio active substances, heavy metals or chemically hazardous substances. Fortunately, no such activity can be found anywhere in Kasaragod

Thanal

that the health proximity of the

endosulfan, aerially for the last 26 years, 3 times every year, violating all the precautionary measures ( many a time because it would be impossible to take precautionary measures in an area like Kasaragod, as noted by the KAU scientists and the NRCC now) and the

use of endosulfan in the primary suspect for all these the villages in Kasaragod.

plantations must be the health disorders caused in

exposure to were also no water from Karnataka.

The other possible causative factor raised by many scientists in the KAU and also suspected by Dr. Mohankumar in 1997 ( though he does not endorse it now) is the possibility of a background natural radiation or heavy metal release. But the problem that has been identified have a maximum history of only 26 years and not more than that. This is an important matter that needs to be kept in mind while spelling out

Workers were suffering from very serious chronic illness, like throat cancer and chronic skin diseases.

Endosulfan was being sprayed even in new saplings of cashew using hand-sprayers.

The workers were never given any protective clothing or gear during such spraying which is mandatory under the Insecticides Act.

All these disorders

singularly points to the fact were very much linked to the

The with

be the causative factor. Moreover, possible sources of contamination of across the borders of the State

there air or from

the causative factors. background radiation

It is very difficult to believe that or heavy metal contamination can

that the background natural exodus, if any, may not have

radiation/ heavy metal been noticed or recorded

any is a

earlier. If

so atleast its

felt earlier

itself. In this

villages with plantations

the PCK owned cashew plantations.

have

been

consistently

sprayed

unprecedented communities.

health crisis among the surrounding Moreover, there is always the possibility

effects must surely have case, no such effects has

been been

reported before 1979. Hence sources of radiation or heavy possible causative factor.

it is impossible that metal contamination

the UCIL in Uranium ( a

which can possibly trigger contamination, is a large

for an

occur

suddenly,

out

of

the

blue,

26

years

surrounding

hills

and

water

sources.

The

ago,

from

the

only

activity,

such radiation or heavy scale mining operation

metal as in

Jarkhand, radio-active

where large-scale mining

substance)

has

triggered

15

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