of any other
LMIPPE February 2002
rules of pest control.
And hence it is concluded that the
Nevertheless, it is felt that the study must also consider other possible causative factors as well. The causative factors must either be due to some human-induced activity or due to some natural phenomenon.
Health and Environmental problems of this nature can also be caused by human-induced activity which involves industrial processes especially of hazardous nature related to radio active substances, heavy metals or chemically hazardous substances. Fortunately, no such activity can be found anywhere in Kasaragod
that the health proximity of the
endosulfan, aerially for the last 26 years, 3 times every year, violating all the precautionary measures ( many a time because it would be impossible to take precautionary measures in an area like Kasaragod, as noted by the KAU scientists and the NRCC now) and the
use of endosulfan in the primary suspect for all these the villages in Kasaragod.
plantations must be the health disorders caused in
exposure to were also no water from Karnataka.
The other possible causative factor raised by many scientists in the KAU and also suspected by Dr. Mohankumar in 1997 ( though he does not endorse it now) is the possibility of a background natural radiation or heavy metal release. But the problem that has been identified have a maximum history of only 26 years and not more than that. This is an important matter that needs to be kept in mind while spelling out
Workers were suffering from very serious chronic illness, like throat cancer and chronic skin diseases.
Endosulfan was being sprayed even in new saplings of cashew using hand-sprayers.
The workers were never given any protective clothing or gear during such spraying which is mandatory under the Insecticides Act.
All these disorders
singularly points to the fact were very much linked to the
be the causative factor. Moreover, possible sources of contamination of across the borders of the State
there air or from
the causative factors. background radiation
It is very difficult to believe that or heavy metal contamination can
that the background natural exodus, if any, may not have
radiation/ heavy metal been noticed or recorded
any is a
so atleast its
itself. In this
villages with plantations
the PCK owned cashew plantations.
health crisis among the surrounding Moreover, there is always the possibility
effects must surely have case, no such effects has
reported before 1979. Hence sources of radiation or heavy possible causative factor.
it is impossible that metal contamination
the UCIL in Uranium ( a
which can possibly trigger contamination, is a large
such radiation or heavy scale mining operation
metal as in
where large-scale mining