LMIPPE February 2002
scratching his wound with stone to stop the itching. Children have become susceptible to frequent illness, showing a deterioration of the immune systems. Doctors are forced to give high doses of antibiotics even to contain minor fevers. People were also complaining of
hearing and vision loss. complaints were too common.
Since the middle of the nineteen seventies, nature has been sending warning signals of impending danger to
death of chicken
honeybees, fishes, also started dying
frogs and birds. of sudden and
Cows and mysterious
reasons. dwindling worried at
Over some time, fox and there was many a these warning signals.
population mind that
In 1979, a farmer in Padre realised that reason for three of his calves born with deformed limbs and having stunted growth could not be just attributed to his fate. Moreover, he had just read that pesticides like Endrin
could prove such a still he reported it to wrote the first article
hypothesis was lacking then, but a local journalist Shree Padre who “Life cheaper than Cashew” in “The
Evidence” (Dec.1981) Endosulfan, which was
and raised a doubt that being aerially sprayed in the
plantations in environmental already there.
his village problems. The people
was the cause for The first warnings started complaining.
such were In
pesticide by air as there is large-scale drift and caused for cattle and people. When the local
problems MLA Sri.
for advise on the Mosquito Bug which
crop protection against the was affecting their plantation.
All through these years aerial
at 0.05% spraying of learnt that
ineffective to control the health problems started places in Kasaragod as clubs, cultural clubs and
bug. More and more news of being reported from all other well. Local sports and arts community organisations were
taking serious view of these passed resolutions and also
Many of them to the District
Collector, who is the In 1994, the Kerala
authority to permit aerial spraying. Sastra Sahithya Parishad (KSSP)iii
alleged that the problem is caused by insecticide asked for stricter regulations in the aerial spraying.
this time, the dailies started
local print media including the major reporting the issue of health problems
and spread of strange diseases The people also started agitating.
and health disorders. Surprisingly, in 1997,
Dr. EVV Bhaskara Rao, the recommended aerial spraying at
Director of NRCC 1% concentration of “ In this connection I spraying trials were
conducted in the PCK orchards method was standardised for the
time in the
Nature has been sending warning signals of impending danger to the people in these villages.
Stunted grown calves with deformed limbs
Honeybees were one species immediately affected by the endosulfan spray.
Dozens of honeybee boxes lie idling in homesteads today