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In addition, they help make up for some of the state’s failings, which encourage individuals to turn to radical groups.

Therefore, one of the main aims of this monograph is to examine these programs to assess the ability of the Qadiriyya and Tijaniyya to counter the radicalization of northern Nigerian Muslims. To sustain this analysis, the monograph is divided into four main sections. The first considers Nigeria’s strategic importance to the United States, and why what happens there matters to Washington and the U.S. Armed Forces. This leads, in section two, to an examination of the different Islam- ic organizations in the region. As well as identifying the size, influence, and make-up of the various radical groups there, the section also provides a brief overview of Sufism and the Qadiriyya and Tijaniyya. It then focus- es on what actions the Sufi brotherhoods are taking to dissuade people from joining radical groups, and the challenges they have to overcome. The third section then provides an overview of the political, economic, and social conditions in northern Nigeria today. In so doing, it will help determine the potential susceptibil- ity of the region’s inhabitants to the radicals’ siren calls and uncover the scale of the problems the Qadiriyya and Tijaniyya have to overcome. Finally, section four offers some conclusions, which it uses to outline a se- ries of recommendations for the U.S. Government and Armed Forces.

Nigeria and the United States.

The United States has a range of strategic interests in Nigeria. Some of them—such as its desire for peace and stability in the Niger Delta—it shares with the Nigerian FG. Others—like its commitment to reduce


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