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of Afghanistan and Iraq; and its strong support of Is- rael. Certainly, some Nigerian Muslims are critical of the United States and its foreign policy for these very reasons.

Yet on the whole, northern Nigerians are not as opposed to the United States as some of their co-reli- gionists elsewhere in the Islamic world.63 That this is so should not come as a surprise, given the affection the Sultan, Emirs, Qadiriyya and Tijaniyya still feel toward Britain, one of the closest allies of the United States. In fact, both Sheikh Kabara and Sheikh Khalifa have appeared in public with members of the British High Commission numerous times to thank them for the as- sistance they periodically provide and to call on Lon- don to offer more. Sheikh Kabara makes no secret of the fact that his son is currently studying in the UK. In- deed, the Brotherhoods’ willingness to receive this as- sistance, and their openness when doing so, is encour- aging, as it suggests that they are likely to be receptive to any help the United States might want to offer.

Britain’s efforts to maintain and strengthen its re- lationships with the Qadiriyya and Tijaniyya are led by its High Commission in Abuja. In turn, the High Com- mission looks to its Northern Affairs officer to take primary responsibility for this task. Their duties, like those of their counterpart in the U.S. Embassy, are ex- tremely broad. They have to monitor and report on all major political, economic, social, and cultural develop- ments in the north. Unsurprisingly, these responsibili- ties require the officer to travel extensively throughout the region and meet with key local figures including Sheikh Kabara and Sheikh Khalifa. In this way, the British government is able to retain contact and remain on good relations with both Brotherhoods.

The Northern Officer’s efforts are supplemented


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