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Associated Species Highest Priority:

High Priority:

Wilson’s Plover, Sandwich Tern, White Ibis, Least Sandpiper, Painted Bunting, Black Skimmer, Eastern Brown Pelican, Royal Tern, American Oystercatcher Black-bellied Plover, Diamondback Terrapin, Mink

Ponds and Depressions

General Description and Location Ponds and depressions, including pools and isolated wetlands, occur throughout the coastal zone and may be embedded within larger habitats. These include forested habitats, early successional habitats, hammock islands, maritime forest and diked spoil islands. Such sites are not generally identified on soil maps. In addition to the isolated wetland subtypes occurring throughout the

coastal

plain, the following subtypes are unique to the coastal zone: Manmade ponds, constructed for recreational, water supply or stormwater retention, are highly variable with regard to physical features, water chemistry and connection to open tidal systems. These factors, as well as land use and other human activities near such wetlands, primarily control both floral and faunal features. Though such habitats are not generally considered high quality wildlife habitat, some provide suitable habitat for priority species as foraging, nesting, roosting and resting habitat for wading birds. Vernal pools, small, seasonally flooded depressions with gradually sloping margins, occur in sandy uplands on barrier islands and other landforms of recent origin. They may be embedded in non-alluvial swamp forests or other forest types within the interior of uplands or may lie near the perimeter of uplands and receive occasional input of water of varying salinity on exceptionally high tides. Except where soils are highly saline, many of these habitats have been colonized by the invasive, non-native tallowtree (Triadica sebiferum). Vernal pools may be a primary source of low salinity water for birds and mammals and as breeding and/or resident habitat for turtles, amphibians and crayfish. Since these pools are only seasonally flooded, large predatory fishes are absent. Smaller vernal pools may afford the only wetland habitats on smaller islands. Small depression ponds may intergrade with vernal pools but are permanently flooded, except possibly during severe droughts. Obligate aquatic plants like fragrant waterlily (Nymphaea odorata) or yellow pondlily (Nuphar lutea) may inhabit submerged areas and a variety of emergent and wetland species, including sedges and grasses, generally colonize shallows and intermittently exposed borders. Small depression ponds generally are not affected by tidal activities. Interdune ponds are depressions located in swales between beach dunes or ridges that contain permanent or vernal pools.

Associated Species

Highest Priority:

High Priority: Moderate Priority

White Ibis, Wilson’s Snipe, Flatwoods Salamander, Broad-striped Dwarf Siren Chicken Turtle : Greater Yellowlegs

Unranked:

Marsh Killifish, Sailfin Molly

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