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trade. The ancient city was hidden for centuries after it was nearly wiped out by a fourth century tsunami. Nearly 25 years after its discovery, Egyptian authorities are preparing to open Leukaspis' tombs, villas and city streets to visitors. The history of the two Marinas is inextricably linked. When Chinese engineers began cutting into the sandy coast to build the roads for the new resort in 1986, they struck the ancient tombs and houses of a town of the second century B.C. About 200 acres were set aside for archaeology. A team of Pol- ish archaeologists excavated the site through the 1990s. The prosperous port town, with as many as 15,000 residents at its height, exported grains, livestock, wine and olives to the rest of the Mediterranean. Merchants lived in elegant two-story villas set along zigzagging streets with pillared courtyards flanked by living and prayer rooms. Rainwater collected from roofs ran down special hollowed out pillars into channels under the floor leading to the family cisterns. Waste disappeared into a sophisticated sewer system. The town center, where the two main streets intersected, was the social and economic heart of the city. There can still be found the remains of a basilica, a hall for public events that became a church after Christianity spread across the Roman Empire. A semicircular niche lined with benches underneath a portico provided a space for town elders to discuss business before retiring to the bathhouse across the street. Greek columns and bright lime- stone walls up to six feet high stand in some places.
The city began as a way station in the coastal trade between Egypt and Libya to the west. Later, it began exporting goods from its surrounding farms overseas, particularly to the island of Crete, just 300 miles away -- a shorter trip than that from Egypt's main coastal city Alexandria.
Egypt's Top Archaeologist Shows Off Newly Discovered Tomb of Pharaonic Priest, which could Point
the Way to New Necropolis to be Excavated Near the Famed Giza Pyramids. (Summary, Durango Herald, October 22, 2010)
Inside the 4,300-year-old structure, hieroglyphics on the tomb's walls indicate it belonged to Rudj-ka, a priest inspector in the mortuary cult of the pharaoh Khafre, who built the second largest of Giza's pyramids. The tomb, about the size of a train car, was adorned with paintings, some still vivid. Images on one wall de- pict a man standing on a boat, spearing fish. Nearby are lotus flowers and different types of birds standing or in flight. A series of false doors line the opposite wall. A painting above one shows two figures seated oppo- site each other at an offering table. The priest, buried with his family, would have supervised those present- ing sacrifices to the pharaoh. He was carrying out a very important role based on the tomb's decoration.
The tomb dates to the 5th Dynasty, 2465-2323 B.C. The pharaoh Khafre died earlier, around 2494 B.C., but pharaohs were often worshipped after death. The tomb is in good condition, though it was previ- ously broken into and looted, perhaps in the 19th century. It will not be open to the public, but viewing per- mits may be available. It was the first tomb discovered to the west of Khafre's pyramid.
Egyptian Scientists Carrying out DNA Tests on Two Mummified Female Fetuses Found in Tomb of King Tut to Determine Whether They are the Pharaoh's Offspring. (Summary, Denver Post, August 7, 2008) The fetuses, between five to seven months in gestational age, were found in King Tut's tomb in Luxor in 1922. DNA samples from them are being compared to each other, along with those of the mummy of King Tut. As part of a wider program to check the DNA of hundreds of mummies to determine their identities and family relations, the program could help determine Tutankhamun's family lineage. Many experts believe Tut is the son of Akhenaten, the 18th Dynasty pharaoh who tried to introduce monotheism to ancient Egypt, and one of Akhenaten's queens, Kiya. Scholars believe Tutankhamun married at age 12, but the couple had no surviv- ing children. There has been no archaeological evidence that Tut, who died around the age of 19 under mys- terious circumstances over 3,000 years ago, left any offspring. If the tiny mummies are unrelated to Tut, they may have been placed in his tomb to allow him to live as a newborn in the afterlife.
Julie Loar, Author of Six Books and Dozens of Articles, an International Scholar of Myth and Symbol- ism Presented "Ancient Egyptian Deities and Timeless Wisdom: to Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, (Summary, Pagosa Sun, September 16, 2010) Egyptian civilization flourished for more than four thousand years, and its legacy and influence permeate most
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