AIRPORTS DESK REFERENCE
Clean Air Act Section 176(c), 49 USC, Section 7401 et. seq., as amended
Include construction-related air quality emissions when a sponsor proposes an action in a nonattainment or maintenance area.
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), 42 USC, Sections 4321-4347
NEPA’s purposes are:
to declare a national policy which will encourage productive and enjoyable harmony between man and his environment;
to promote efforts which will prevent or eliminate damage to the environment and biosphere and stimulate the health and welfare of man;
to enrich the understanding of the ecological systems and natural resources important to the Nation; and
to establish a Council on Environmental Quality.
Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ)
APPLICABILITY TO AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT ACTIONS.
Building new airport facilities may cause temporary impacts to wildlife and fisheries habitats, water and air quality, ambient noise levels, historic resources, and local traffic patterns. Typical airport actions causing construction impacts include: airside activities (e.g., new or expanded terminal and hangar facilities, new airports or extended runways and taxiways, navigational aids [NAVAIDS], etc.) and landside activities (e.g., new or relocated access roadways and remote parking facilities and rental car lots).
PERMITS, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS.
General. Construction equipment can increase off-site, ambient noise levels. In
addition, exhaust from equipment, dust, or burning debris can degrade local air quality. The air quality analyses undertaken to comply with the disclosure requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act and substantive requirements of the Clean Air Act General Conformity regulations must include air quality emissions the project’s construction activities would cause (refer to Chapter 1, Air Quality, for more information). Off-site local traffic patterns could be disrupted and cause air quality impacts as well. Erosion may degrade water quality. As a result, FAA should consider the concerns of agencies responsible for protecting local air or water quality or maintaining traffic flow. Environmental documents prepared for airport actions involving construction should