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    > Example 2: A Combination That Is an Acquisition

958-805-55-20 Charity C provides health and human services to residents of City and two adjoining counties, referred to as Metro Area, a substantial portion of which is provided through its support to grantee agencies in its area. Charity D provides health and human services to residents of County, which adjoins the northern part of Metro Area. The charities share a common mission and operate under the same national brand name; that is, the charities operate as Brand Name of Metro Area and Brand Name of County. Each charity receives contributions from the residents of its service area. [FAS 164, paragraph A19, sequence 120]

958-805-55-21 In 20X1, the regions served by both charities were experiencing sharp economic declines, and contributions to both charities were declining as a result. To create efficiencies, the charities entered into two joint operating agreements. Under the first agreement, they conduct joint annual fundraising campaigns. Under the second, Charity C provides all information technology and marketing services to Charity D for a nominal fee. [FAS 164, paragraph A20, sequence 121]

958-805-55-22 By January 20X4, Charity D has successfully implemented three innovative program services, but it has not been able to improve its declining contribution revenues. Despite some staff layoffs, it continues to experience significant operating deficits. In March 20X4, the chief executive officers of the two charities encouraged their respective executive committees to explore opportunities to combine and restructure their operations and governance. In July 20X4, the executive committees of both charities formed a joint strategy committee to investigate opportunities to create the best charity for the combined service area and to develop recommendations for accomplishing that objective. [FAS 164, paragraph A21, sequence 122.1]

958-805-55-23 The strategy committee members include the chief executive officers and 6 directors from each charity and 10 community leaders from the area. It is chaired by the chief executive officer of a major corporation in the area who also is a director of Charity C. In January 20X5, although the strategy committee’s work was ongoing, the executive committees of both charities unanimously approved and advanced to the full governing board of each charity the committee’s recommendations for the governance model for a new charity to be formed by consolidating and dissolving both of the existing charities and its recommendations for the new charity’s name, mission, vision, and business model. That business model is the same as the model Charity D had adopted in 20X2, under which it successfully implemented three new programs. Charity C wanted to leverage the experiences of Charity D. [FAS 164, paragraph A21, sequence 122.2]

958-805-55-24 On November 1, 20X5, the governing boards of both charities approved the strategy committee’s plan of consolidation. The chief executive


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