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The adult learner is able to:

Use This Skill


Activate background knowledge and personal experiences in order to derive meaning from text.

The adult learner uses his/her own experiences and personal knowledge to better understand literary and real-life text.

Use on the job experiences to comprehend workplace documents.

Access personal experiences when reading and interpreting leases, purchase agreements for appliances, apartments, houses, etc.

Understand community issues and uses that understand to interpret information from community surveys, brochures, newsletters.


Preview to understand a text’s structure and anticipate content by identifying the title, headings and subheadings, and bold or italicized words as a strategy for increasing comprehension.

The adult learner previews text before reading to better understand the purpose and structure of the material.

Scan newspaper articles to identify key terms and issues.

Preview reference or technical manuals to identify specific types of information, such as the table of contents, index, appendices, terms and definitions.

Scan information attached to over-the-counter or prescription medications to identify key areas of concern.


Differentiate between elements of fiction and nonfiction.

Recognize that fiction and nonfiction include the basic elements of setting, plot, and characters.

Recognize the different types of nonfiction and that each has a specific purpose, such as essays, critical reviews, biographies, autobiographies, editorials, and workplace and community documents.

The adult learner understands that there are inherent differences between fiction and nonfiction, especially related to purpose, even though there are similar elements within each format.

Recognize and differentiate among elements that make up short stories, novels, literary works of prose, poetry, drama.

Understand that television and movie reviews, biographies and autobiographies of famous people, editorials and letters to the editor in newspapers, job descriptions and requirements, and workplace policy manuals have different structural elements and purposes.

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Adult Secondary Education (GED) Curriculum Framework

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