Identify the structure of a nonfiction text, including whether it is:
Fact versus opinion
Argument and persuasion
Comparison and contrast
The adult learner recognizes that nonfiction text has a specific structure depending on its purpose and can easily recognize that structure when reading text.
Understand that editorials have a different purpose and express opinions as opposed to news articles that report specific facts.
Recognize that letters to the editor represent an individual’s or group’s opinion but may or may not have a solid basis in fact.
Critically read advertising material, circulars, and flyers and understand that the purpose is to sell items and may contain invalid information.
Distinguish between the different types of fiction including:
The adult learner easily recognizes the various types of fiction and is able to point out structural elements of each type.
Compare and contrast structural elements of:
Novels, short stories
Poems, lyrics to songs
Plays, television shows
Utilize the elements of setting, plot, point-of-view, characterization, figurative language, and theme in order to analyze and interpret works of fiction.
Recognize how descriptive language reveals an author’s viewpoint.
Understand historical time periods and the influence of those time periods on literary interpretations.
The adult learner identifies and explains the setting, plot, point-of-view, theme, and characters of a work of fiction and is able to compare those elements to elements found in television shows or movies.
Understand and explain how the era in which a work was produced influences its point of view, characters, and setting.
Novels and short stories
Historical novels or short stories, reminiscences from parents, grandparents
Use figurative language when describing a work of fiction, such as those found in lyrics to songs, advertising, print, and television journalism.
Utilize the elements of poetry to analyze and interpret meaning, including:
Rhythm, rhyme, figurative language, symbols, and imagery
The adult learner points out specific elements within a poem or the lyrics to a song.
Identify elements such as rhythm and symbols in children’s nursery rhymes.
Identify and explain elements found in lyrics to a popular song.
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Adult Secondary Education (GED) Curriculum Framework