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By fiscal 2001 (year 7):

Vague definition for calculating Mexico net surplus producer status:

Only indicates that calculation should include HFCS

Mexican officials claim sur- plus producer status suggests both HFCS production and consumption are used to de- termine net producer status (i.e., making it easier to achieve net sugar surplus producer status)

If Mexico does not qualify as a net surplus sugar producer, it can still export maximum 7,258 metric tons duty-free (as bound in US WTO schedule).

Maximum duty-free access for Mexican sugar exports raised to 150,000 metric tons

Maximum duty-free access for Mexican sugar exports will increase by 10 percent every year

Vague definition for calculating Mexican net surplus producer status:

No conditions provided for unlimited Mexican sugar ex- ports into the United States.

Condition for unlimited Mexican sugar exports into the United States:

Only indicates that calculation should include “consumption” of HFCS

2001–07: Maximum duty-free access for Mexican sugar ex- ports to the United States is measured by its surplus of up to 250,000 metric tons.

Mexico must achieve net sur- plus producer status for two consecutive marketing years

Note: The side letters use the term “marketing year,” which closely coincides with fiscal year. Sources: USDA (2002c); “US-Mexico Draft Side Letter on NAFTA Sugar,” Inside US Trade, November 5, 1993.

Institute for International Economics | www.iie.com

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