X hits on this document

228 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

53 / 81

Year

Canada

Mexico

United States

1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003

0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.2

5.4 7.5 8.0 7.9 8.1 6.2 6.6 7.8 7.1 7.8 7.1 7.7

28.9 22.4 23.2 27.4 29.5 30.4 27.1 26.4 29.3 27.8 28.1 28.8

Source: USDA Production, Supply, and Distribution data- base, 2004.

Table 5.16

Area under corn in NAFTA countries, 1960–2003 (millions of hectares)

modern farming techniques. As a consequence, the Mexican agricultural sector provides temporary and part-time employment but does not pro- vide a decent standard of living.

In recent years, Mexican government policy has favored the larger, and more successful, industrialized farmers concentrated in northern Mexico rather than the small, impoverished ejido farmers in southern and central Mexico.140 Larger, more successful export-oriented farmers represent only 3 percent of private farmers but own almost 30 percent of total private land (Soloaga 2003, World Bank 2001). By contrast, in the poor ejidos, sub- sistence farming is the rule, and about half of the agricultural production is destined for household consumption.141 To the extent that poor Mexi-

140. About 42 of every 100 Mexicans live in poverty in rural areas, and the majority of the poorest people are concentrated in southern states. Nevertheless, Mexican Agricultural Min- ister Javier Usabiaga is pursuing a strategy of support for successful Mexican farmers, mostly in northern states, who are expected to give temporary seasonal work to poorer farmers. See “NAFTA Crisis Worsens,” Latin American Economic and Business Report, Febru- ary 11, 2003. See also Lustig (2001) and Wiggins et al. (2002). Similarly, the top 10 percent of US farmers receive 65 percent of all agricultural subsidy payments in the United States. See the editorial in the New York Times, November 10, 2003.

141. Some studies estimate as much as 55 percent of agricultural production under 5 hectares of land is used for household consumption. See Taylor (2003) and Yunez-Naude (2003).

AGRICULTURE

335

Institute for International Economics | www.iie.com

Document info
Document views228
Page views228
Page last viewedThu Dec 08 03:26:31 UTC 2016
Pages81
Paragraphs3212
Words35520

Comments