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publication in Shanghai but was forced to stop by the GMD in March 1947. In Hong Kong its was published as a weekly from January 1947 until it voluntarily ceased publication on 20 October 1949.

Shihua (True Words). The organ of the CC, its was set up in Shanghai in October 1930. It was superseded by Hongqi ribao (Red Flag Daily).

Xiangdao zhoubao (The Guide Weekly). Began publication in September 1922 in Shanghai. In all, 201 editions were published, with publication ending on 18 July 1927.

Xiaoqu (The Pioneer). The fortnightly journal of the SYL, it began publication on 15 January 1922 and ceased publication on 15 August 1923.

Xin qingnian (New Youth). Launched in September 1915 in Shanghai, it had a major impact on progressive thinkers during the May Fourth Movement. Originally called Qingnian zazhi (Youth Magazine), its name was changed in September 1916. From September 1920 it was operated as a publication of the Shanghai communist small group and was an organ of the CCP after its foundation. In July 1922 it temporarily stopped publication, reappearing in June 1923 as the party’s theoretical organ. It finally ceased publication in July 1926.

Xin Zhonghuabao (New China News). A publication of the Central Soviet government published in Yan’an as a successor to Hongse Zhonghua (Red China), it began publication on 29 January 1937. In January 1939, it became the publication of the Shaan-Gan-Ning Border Region Government. It published a total of 230 issues, ending publication on 15 May 1941.

Zhongguo nongmin (The Chinese Peasant). Published by the Central Peasant Department of the GMD, it began publication as a monthly on 1 January 1926. The general editor was Mao Zedong. In December 1926, it temporarily ceased publication but revived briefly in Hankou in July 1927.

Zhongguo wenhua (Chinese Culture). A theoretical journal published in Yan’an, it began publication as a monthly on 15 February 1940 but only ran until 20 August 1941.

c) Publications of Documents

An indispensable collection of CCP documents is to be found in the two volumes Liuda yilai – dangnei mimi wenjian (Since the Sixth Party Congress – Secret Inner-Party Documents) and Liuda yiqian (Before the Sixth Party Congress) (Beijing, 1952 and1981). These two volumes were originally compiled and distributed by the Secretariat

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