of the CCP CC between December 1941 and October 1942. They were produced as study materials for high-ranking cadres in preparation for the Rectification Movement (1941- 44). The collections were re-issued after 1980 in connection with the writing of the new Resolution on Party History (1981). The main drawback of this reissue is that pieces by Mao Zedong were withdrawn and readers are referred to the official works. These official works contain heavily edited versions of Mao’s speeches.
Based on these two publications and their own holdings, the Central Archives published their 14 volume selection of central party documents intended for internal use only – Zhonggong zhongyang wenjian xuanji (Selected Documents of the CCP CC) (Beijing, 1982-1987). This collection provides a massive amount of previously unavailable material. More recently, an open (gongkai) version of the collection has been published. A total of 18 volumes have been published (1989-92), covering the period 1921 until 1949. In terms of information about original publication details etc., this latter series is more useful than the neibu series. However, not all materials are included. The most important set of original documentation on Comintern-CCP relations is the three volume series Gongchanguoji youguan Zhongguo geming de wenxian ziliao (Materials of the Comintern Concerning the Chinese Revolution), Vol. 1 1919-28, Vol. 2 1929-36, and Vol. 1936-43 (Beijing, 1980, 1982 and 1989). It is edited by the Institute of Modern History of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
In recent years, the CCP has been releasing complete collections of Mao’s writings before 1949. Important have been the five volume series Mao Zedong wenji (Collected Writings of Mao Zedong) (Beijing, 1993) covering the period from 1921 to 1949. In addition, there is the monumental 20 volume collection edited by Takeuchi Minoru, Mao Zedong ji (Collected Writings of Mao Zedong) (Tokyo, 1983), 10 volumes and Mao Zedong ji. Bujuan (Supplement to the Collected Writings of Mao Zedong) (Tokyo, 1983- 86). In English there is the huge undertaking by Stuart Schram and his collaborators at the Fairbank Center, Harvard University to publish all Mao’s pre-1949 writings. Four volumes have been published covering the period from 1912 to 1934 by M.E. Sharpe. The general title of the series is Mao’s Road to Power. Revolutionary Writings 1912- 1949.
In English, the most extensive collection of documents of the CCP during this period Tony Saich, The Rise to Power of the Chinese Communist Party: Documents and Analysis (Armonk, NY, 1996).
In Chinese there are collected documentary series for virtually all the major events discussed in the essay above. Most, but not all, are edited by the Committee for the Collection of Materials on CCP History and the Central Archives and published in Beijing by the Party Materials Publishing House of the CC.
d) Memoirs, biographies, and handbooks