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Parkinsonism or Parkinson’s Disease I. Symptoms: Main disorder of movement.

Named after

________________

, an English physician who described

the then known

, in 1817.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Four (4) hallmark clinical signs: 1 ) T r e m o r : _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_______________________________________________________ (Note - tremors are often earliest signs of disease (early stage)).

2) Rigidity: ______________________________________________

3) Bradykinesia: __________________________________________ ___________________ (Note - these are the symptoms occurring in the later stages).

4) Akinesia:

_________________________________

Other clinical signs associated with Parkinsonism: expressionless features (mask like expression), feeling of weakness, flattening (monotone) and weakness of voice, small writing, excessive salivation, difficulty in focusing eyes, sleep disturbances.

  • -

    in some cases, especially in advanced stages, symptoms overlap with

depression and Alzheimer’s disease.

1

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