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Psychological Traits and Characteristics

Intelligence and Crime

Some trait theorists argue that criminals have a below average IQ

Nature Theory (Goddard): argues that intelligence is determined genetically

Nurture Theory: argues that intelligence is primarily sociological

IQ and criminality: Reemerged in 1977 with research by Travis Hirschi and Michael Hindelang.

Cross national studies: Research with Danish children suggest a relationship between IQ and delinquency

Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray suggest criminal offenders have an average IQ of 92

Critics charge the link between IQ and criminality is weak

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