Specific Medical Care for Which a Minor May Give Consent continued:
Emergency Contraception (EC)
Emergency Contraception (also known as the morning-after pill) is a form of contraception. Clinicians have begun offering EC up to 120 hours following intercourse; however, women are urged to take EC as soon as possible to maximize efficacy. The National EC Hotline (1-888-NOT-2-LATE or www.not-2-late.com) offers information on EC options and providers. Minors do not need parental consent to obtain EC, and confidential services may be provided.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Minors aged 12 and over may consent to confiden- tial testing, treatment and counseling for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Providers must report incidents of STDs to the Department of Health or the local board of health, where the report will remain confidential. Providers are encouraged, where appropriate, to involve a minor’s family in the minor’s treatment for STDs, but must first obtain the minor’s consent.
Minors aged 12 and older may consent to testing, treatment and counseling for HIV. Minors may also consent to anonymous HIV testing. Department of Health regulations require disclosure of positive results to school officials. In addition, providers are encouraged, but not obligated, to notify a minor’s parent of a positive test result if they have been unsuccessful in persuading the minor to do so and they believe that notification is in the minor’s best interest.
A minor may consent to confidential abortion services without parental notification or consent.