A minor may consent to health services associated with criminal sexual assault or abuse. Such services include emergency contraception, pregnancy tests, counseling and treatment for STDs. A minor who presents himself/herself within seven days of the assault may consent to the use of a sexual assault evidence collection kit. Minors aged 13 and older may give written consent to a hospital to release evidence and information from the kit to law enforcement officials. If medical personnel has reasonable cause to believe that the minor is an abused child, the abuse must be reported to the Department of Child and Family Services. Such reporting requirements only arise where a family or household member commits a criminal sexual offense, or allows one to be committed against the child.
A minor may receive health services without the prior consent of a parent or guardian when obtaining such consent is not reasonably feasible without adversely affecting the minor’s health.
Substance Abuse Care
Minors aged 12 and older may consent to confidential outpatient counseling and treatment if they or a family member abuses drugs or alcohol. Providers are encouraged, where appropriate, to involve a minor’s family in the minor’s treatment for substance abuse, but must first obtain the minor’s consent. However, if the provider believes that parental notification is necessary to protect the safety of the minor or others, the provider may inform the parent of the minor’s substance abuse counseling or treatment.
Minors aged 12 and over may consent to confidential counseling or psychotherapy on an outpatient basis.