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to rigorously evaluate the impact of the program. The evaluation found that the program produced noteworthy increases in school enrollments, especially in middle school enrollment,

declines in levels of child malnutrition and illness, and reductions in poverty.2

Since then, the

program has been expanded, weathered multiple political changes and now serves 20 million people - one-fifth of Mexico’s population. 3

Next Generation of Evidence

Despite the accumulated experience withCCT programs, there remain critical questions regarding CCT program design, implementation and context for which evaluation evidence is not conclusive. The goal of this SIEF cluster is to expand the evidence base and address these critical questions, while creating a platform for cross-country knowledge sharing.

SIEF-funded Impact Evaluations

Morocco –This IE is evaluating the cost-effectiveness of several key strategies for increasing girls’ primary school enrollment and completion. Randomly selected rural schools are being offered a supply-side investment (providing lavatories); while other schools are receiving a demand-side intervention (government-administered cash transfers). Different variants of CCT are also being studied including targeting the transfer to the father, mother or student.

Indonesia – This IE is measuring the direct and indirect impacts of two different strategies for delivering CCT programs; both programs are cash-transfers conditional on utilization of basic health services and children’s school attendance. The household approach provides CCTs directly to poor households with young children and pregnant women; the community-based CCT provides villages with block grants. Both cash-transfer programs are conditional on the utilization of basic health services and children’s school attendance.

Burkina Faso - This IE is evaluating the impact, and comparing the effectiveness, of four variants of a cash transfer program to poor households: CCTs given to the mother, CCTs given to the father, unconditional cash transfers given to the mother, and unconditional cash transfers given to the father.

Chile – This IE is examining how Chile’s Solidario program – a package of benefits including a small cash payment, preferential access to various social services and subsidies and regular visits by a social worker – performs in terms of increasing low-income families’ uptake of social programs reducing extreme poverty.



Morocco Indonesia

$ $

Burkina Faso Chile Total

$ $ $

Conditional Cash Transfers

Impact Evaluation of a Randomized Conditional Cash Transfer Program in Rural Education in Morocco

Evaluating and improving the Indonesian CCT

Gender and Social Protection Programs in Developing Countries: A Randomized Evaluation of Conditional and Unconditional Cash Transfers in Burkina Faso

Estimating the Dynamic Effects of Chile Solidario

400,000 400,000

224,600 61,140 1,085,740

2 3 Ibid. Coady, David. “Alleviating Structural Poverty in Developing Countries: The Approach of PROGRESA in Mexico,” Background Paper for the 2004 World Development Report, February 2003.



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