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Number of Trips

93

20

7

31

8

6

21

Total miles

489.9

14.4

45

269.1

52.9

40.2

68.3

Internal Costs

$256.43

$19.44

$17.47

$104.49

$26.55

$26.15

$58.20

Internal Costs Per Pass. Mile

$1.35

$0.39

$0.39

$0.50

$0.65

$0.85

External Costs

$101.59

$0.05

$0.99

$31.56

$13.57

$12.19

$41.91

External Costs per Pass. Mile

$0.00

$0.02

$0.12

$0.26

$0.30

$0.61

Total Costs

$358.01

$19.49

$18.46

$136.05

$40.12

$38.34

$100.11

Total Costs per Pass. Mile

$1.35

$0.41

$0.51

$0.76

$0.95

$1.47

Table 24

SOV

Guide to Calculating Mobility Management Benefits Victoria Transport Policy Institute

Public Transit

Summary Statistics for 93 Oil Smart Test Trip Links

Car Pool

Totals

Walk

Bicycle

Van Pool

Figure 2 shows the average cost per passenger mile for each of the 6 modes, and the distribution of these costs.

Figure 2

Cost Per Mile by Mode, Indicating Internal and External Costs

$1.50

Dollars Per Passenger Mile

$1.00

$0.50

External Costs Internal Costs

$0.00

Walk

Bicycle

Van Pool

Car Pool

Transit

SOV

This graph illustrates the estimated magnitude of costs per mode, and the distribution of costs between internal and external impacts.

Commute Performance Test Highlights:

  • Total estimated savings by the 55 non-drivers was $477 compared with the same trips made by solo driving. This averages $8.67 daily savings per person.

  • The external costs of the 55 non-drivers averaged only about 25% of a solo driver. External cost savings totaled $176 compared with the same trips made by SOV.

  • The greatest savings per trip resulted from van pool riders who did not drive to their van pool stop. Total costs of van pool, car pool, and transit trips were sensitive to how the traveler got to their transit stop or rideshare meeting place.

  • The greatest savings per mile resulted from bicyclists, since they had low operating and external costs but travel faster than pedestrians. The costs of bicycle and pedestrian trips are extremely sensitive to the time value assigned to travel.

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