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Job Stress among Software Professionals in Pakistan: A Factor Analytic Study - page 7 / 16





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in their work. Significantly, they have mentioned that stress is present in almost all phases of software development life cycle.

4.Data Analysis and Findings

The study is conducted through a research survey in major cities of Pakistan. A questionnaire was distributed in various software houses through a contact person in every software house.

4.1Respondents’ Profile

71% respondents are involved in technical job and others are doing both managerial and technical jobs

46% respondents have undergraduate degrees in Computer Science and 22% have postgraduate degree in computers, while others have degrees in different disciplines

29% respondents have one or more certification besides their degrees

83% are male

29% are in the age group of 21 to 24 years and 48% are in age group of 25 to 28 years

75% are unmarried

4.2Reliability and Validity

4.2.1 Reliability

The reliability of the scales is determined through Cronbach’s Alpha and all the variables are found reliable, that is, the value of alpha is greater than .7 except workload.

4.2.2 Validity

The validity of the scale is determined through the people working in different software houses.

4.3Descriptive Analysis

Each factor of stress is measured on a seven-point scale, where ‘1’ indicates the lowest level of intensity and ‘7’ indicates the highest level of intensity. Table 2 shows the average level of intensity of each subscale along with their standard deviation. On the basis of coefficient of variance (CV%), the factors that are contributing more towards jobs stress are ‘fear of obsolescence’ (mean 3.97), ‘client interaction’ (mean 3.86) and ‘technical constraints’ (mean 3.40). While next two factors of job stress are, ‘team factors’ (mean 3.11) and ‘role overload’ (mean 3.38). Hence, major factors contributing towards the job stress are not the work or

Journal of Independent Studies and Research (MSSE)                                                       

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