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modern tomes, and all that serve him as literary tools, on open

shelves.  These may reach the roof, if he has books to fill them,

and it is only necessary to see that the back of the bookcases are

slightly removed from contact with the walls.  The more precious and

beautifully bound treasures will naturally be stored in a case with

closely-fitting glass-doors. {2}  The shelves should be lined with

velvet or chamois leather, that the delicate edges of the books may

not suffer from contact with the wood.  A leather lining, fitted to

the back of the case, will also help to keep out humidity.  Most

writers recommend that the bookcases should be made of wood close in

the grain, such as well-seasoned oak; or, for smaller tabernacles of

literature, of mahogany, satin-wood lined with cedar, ebony, and so

forth.  These close-grained woods are less easily penetrated by

insects, and it is fancied that book-worms dislike the aromatic

scents of cedar, sandal wood, and Russia leather.  There was once a

bibliophile who said that a man could only love one book at a time,

and the darling of the moment he used to carry about in a charming

leather case.  Others, men of few books, preserve them in long boxes

with glass fronts, which may be removed from place to place as

readily as the household gods of Laban.  But the amateur who not

only worships but reads books, needs larger receptacles; and in the

open oak cases for modern authors, and for books with common modern

papers and bindings, in the closed armoire for books of rarity and

price, he will find, we think, the most useful mode of arranging his

treasures.  His shelves will decline in height from the lowest,

where huge folios stand at case, to the top ranges, while Elzevirs

repose on a level with the eye.  It is well that each upper shelf

should have a leather fringe to keep the dust away.

As to the shape of the bookcases, and the furniture, and ornaments

of the library, every amateur will please himself.  Perhaps the

satin-wood or mahogany tabernacles of rare books are best made after

the model of what furniture-dealers indifferently call the "Queen

Anne" or the "Chippendale" style.  There is a pleasant quaintness in

the carved architectural ornaments of the top, and the inlaid

flowers of marquetry go well with the pretty florid editions of the

last century, the books that were illustrated by Stothard and

Gravelot.  Ebony suits theological tomes very well, especially when

they are bound in white vellum.  As to furniture, people who can

afford it will imitate the arrangements of Lucullus, in Mr. Hill

Burton's charming volume "The Book-hunter" (Blackwood, Edinburgh,

1862).--"Everything is of perfect finish,--the mahogany-railed

gallery, the tiny ladders, the broad winged lecterns, with leathern

cushions on the edges to keep the wood from grazing the rich

bindings, the books themselves, each shelf uniform with its facings,

or rather backings, like well-dressed lines at a review."  The late

Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, a famous bibliophile, invented a very

nice library chair.  It is most comfortable to sit on; and, as the

top of the back is broad and flat, it can be used as a ladder of two

high steps, when one wants to reach a book on a lofty shelf.  A kind

of square revolving bookcase, an American invention, manufactured by

Messrs. Trubner, is useful to the working man of letters.  Made in

oak, stained green, it is not unsightly.  As to ornaments, every man

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