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and robbers.  The lending of books, and of other property, has been

defended by some great authorities; thus Panurge himself says, "it

would prove much more easy in nature to have fish entertained in the

air, and bullocks fed in the bottom of the ocean, than to support or

tolerate a rascally rabble of people that will not lend."

Pirckheimer, too, for whom Albert Durer designed a book-plate, was a

lender, and took for his device Sibi et Amicis; and Jo. Grolierii et

amicorum, was the motto of the renowned Grolier, whom mistaken

writers vainly but frequently report to have been a bookbinder.  But

as Mr. Leicester Warren says, in his "Study of Book-plates"

(Pearson, 1880), "Christian Charles de Savigny leaves all the rest

behind, exclaiming non mihi sed aliis."  But the majority of

amateurs have chosen wiser, though more churlish devices, as "the

ungodly borroweth and payeth not again," or "go to them that sell,

and buy for yourselves."  David Garrick engraved on his book-plate,

beside a bust of Shakspeare, these words of Menage, "La premiere

chose qu'on doit faire, quand on a emprunte' un livre, c'est de le

lire, afin de pouvoir le rendre plutot."  But the borrower is so

minded that the last thing he thinks of is to read a borrowed book,

and the penultimate subject of his reflections is its restoration.

Menage (Menagiana, Paris, 1729, vol. i. p. 265), mentions, as if it

were a notable misdeed, this of Angelo Politian's, "he borrowed a

'Lucretius' from Pomponius Laetus, and kept it for four years."

Four years! in the sight of the borrower it is but a moment.  Menage

reports that a friend kept his "Pausanias" for three years, whereas

four months was long enough.

"At quarto saltem mense redire decet."

There is no satisfaction in lending a book; for it is rarely that

borrowers, while they deface your volumes, gather honey for new

stores, as De Quincey did, and Coleridge, and even Dr. Johnson, who

"greased and dogs-eared such volumes as were confided to his tender

mercies, with the same indifference wherewith he singed his own

wigs."  But there is a race of mortals more annoying to a

conscientious man than borrowers.  These are the spontaneous

lenders, who insist that you shall borrow their tomes.  For my own

part, when I am oppressed with the charity of such, I lock their

books up in a drawer, and behold them not again till the day of

their return.  There is no security against borrowers, unless a man

like Guibert de Pixerecourt steadfastly refuses to lend.  The device

of Pixerecourt was un livre est un ami qui ne change jamais.  But he

knew that our books change when they have been borrowed, like our

friends when they have been married; when "a lady borrows them," as

the fairy queen says in the ballad of "Tamlane."

"But had I kenn'd, Tamlane," she says,

"A lady wad borrowed thee,

I wad ta'en out thy twa gray een,

Put in twa een o' tree!

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