I will conclude these notes on MS. Bibles with the following
colophon from a copy written in Italy in the fifteenth century:-
"Finito libro vivamus semper in Christo -
Si semper in Christo carebimus ultimo leto.
Explicit Deo gratias; Amen. Stephanus de
Tantaldis scripsit in pergamo."
2. The "Psalter" of the thirteenth century is usually to be
considered a forerunner of the "Book of Hours." It always contains,
and usually commences with, a Calendar, in which are written against
certain days the "obits" of benefactors and others, so that a well-
filled Psalter often becomes a historical document of high value and
importance. The first page of the psalms is ornamented with a huge
B, which often fills the whole page, and contains a representation
of David and Goliath ingeniously fitted to the shape of the letter.
At the end are usually to be found the hymns of the Three Children,
and others from the Bible together with the Te Deum; and sometimes,
in late examples, a litany. In some psalters the calendar is at the
end. These Psalters, and the Bibles described above, are very
frequently of English work; more frequently, that is, than the books
of Hours and Missals. The study of the Scriptures was evidently
more popular in England than in the other countries of Europe during
the Middle Ages; and the early success of the Reformers here, must
in part, no doubt, be attributed to the wide circulation of the
Bible even before it had been translated from the Latin. I need
hardly, perhaps, observe that even fragments of a Psalter, a
Testament, or a Bible in English, are so precious as to be
3. We are indebted to Sir W. Tite for the following collation of a
Flemish "Book of Hours":-
1. The Calendar.
2. Gospels of the Nativity and the Resurrection.
3. Preliminary Prayers (inserted occasionally).
4. Horae--(Nocturns and Matins).