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she took counsel with a bookseller, who bought up examples of all

the cheap "remainders," as they are called in the trade, that he

could lay his hands upon.  The whole assortment, about one thousand

volumes in all, was hastily bound in rose morocco, elegantly gilt,

and stamped with the arms of the noble house of Du Barry.  The bill

which Madame Du Barry owed her enterprising agent is still in

existence.  The thousand volumes cost about three francs each; the

binding (extremely cheap) came to nearly as much.  The amusing thing

is that the bookseller, in the catalogue which he sent with the

improvised library, marked the books which Madame Du Barry possessed

BEFORE her large order was so punctually executed.  There were two

"Memoires de Du Barry," an old newspaper, two or three plays, and

"L'Historie Amoureuse de Pierre le Long."  Louis XV. observed with

pride that, though Madame Pompadour had possessed a larger library,

that of Madame Du Barry was the better selected.  Thanks to her new

collection, the lady learned to read with fluency, but she never

overcame the difficulties of spelling.

A lady collector who loved books not very well perhaps, but

certainly not wisely, was the unhappy Marie Antoinette.  The

controversy in France about the private character of the Queen has

been as acrimonious as the Scotch discussion about Mary Stuart.

Evidence, good and bad, letters as apocryphal as the letters of the

famous "casket," have been produced on both sides.  A few years ago,

under the empire, M. Louis Lacour found a manuscript catalogue of

the books in the Queen's boudoir.  They were all novels of the

flimsiest sort,--"L'Amitie Dangereuse," "Les Suites d'un Moment

d'Erreur," and even the stories of Louvet and of Retif de la

Bretonne.  These volumes all bore the letters "C. T." (Chateau de

Trianon), and during the Revolution they were scattered among the

various public libraries of Paris.  The Queen's more important

library was at the Tuileries, but at Versailles she had only three

books, as the commissioners of the Convention found, when they made

an inventory of the property of la femme Capet.  Among the three was

the "Gerusalemme Liberata," printed, with eighty exquisite designs

by Cochin, at the expense of "Monsieur," afterwards Louis XVIII.

Books with the arms of Marie Antoinette are very rare in private

collections; in sales they are as much sought after as those of

Madame Du Barry.

With these illustrations of the kind of interest that belongs to

books of old collectors, we may close this chapter.  The reader has

before him a list, with examples, of the kinds of books at present

most in vogue among amateurs.  He must judge for himself whether he

will follow the fashion, by aid either of a long purse or of patient

research, or whether he will find out new paths for himself.  A

scholar is rarely a rich man.  He cannot compete with plutocrats who

buy by deputy.  But, if he pursues the works he really needs, he may

make a valuable collection.  He cannot go far wrong while he brings

together the books that he finds most congenial to his own taste and

most useful to his own studies.  Here, then, in the words of the old

"sentiment," I bid him farewell, and wish "success to his

inclinations, provided they are virtuous."  There is a set of

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