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exquisite illustrations, in the same periodical, to the "Tile Club

at Play," to Roe's "Success with Small Fruits," and Harris's

"Insects Injurious to Vegetation,"--to say nothing of the selected

specimens in the recently issued "Portfolios"--will see that the

latest comers can hold their own on all fields with any school that

has gone before. {15}

Besides copperplate and wood, there are many processes which have

been and are still employed for book-illustrations, although the

brief limits of this chapter make any account of them impossible.

Lithography was at one time very popular, and, in books like

Roberts's "Holy Land," exceedingly effective.  The "Etching Club"

issued a number of books circa 1841-52; and most of the work of

"Phiz" and Cruikshank was done with the needle.  It is probable

that, as we have already seen, the impetus given to modern etching

by Messrs. Hamerton, Seymour Haden, and Whistler, will lead to a

specific revival of etching as a means of book-illustration.

Already beautiful etchings have for some time appeared in "L'Art,"

the "Portfolio," and the "Etcher;" and at least one book of poems

has been entirely illustrated in this way,--the poems of Mr. W. Bell

Scott.  For reproducing old engravings, maps, drawings, and the

like, it is not too much to say that we shall never get anything

much closer than the facsimiles of M. Amand-Durand and the

Typographic Etching and Autotype Companies.  But further

improvements will probably have to be made before these can compete

commercially with wood-engraving as practised by the "new American

School."

"Of making many books," 'twais said,

"There is no end;" and who thereon

The ever-running ink doth shed

But probes the words of Solomon:

Wherefore we now, for colophon,

From London's city drear and dark,

In the year Eighteen Eight-One,

Reprint them at the press of Clark.

A. D.

Footnotes:

{1}  This is the technical name for people who "illustrate" books

with engravings from other works.  The practice became popular when

Granger published his "Biographical History of England."

{2}  Mr. William Blades, in his "Enemies of Books" (Trubner, 1880),

decries glass-doors,-- "the absence of ventilation will assist the

formation of mould."  But M. Rouveyre bids us open the doors on

sunny days, that the air may be renewed, and, close them in the

evening hours, lest moths should enter and lay their eggs among the

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