Petra (Jordan) (C 326)
Year of inscription on the List of World Heritage 1985
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions 24COM IV.68; 24COM VIII.38
International Assistance Total amount provided to the property: USD 79,500 for Technical Assistance.
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds N/A
Previous monitoring missions September 2000: ICOMOS mission; March 2004: UNESCO mission; 2009: UNESCO technical expert missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Lack of management plan for the property;
Lack of clear boundary delimitations.
Illustrative material http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/326
Current conservation issues
Upon a request from the World Heritage Centre, due to information received concerning threats affecting the property, the State Party submitted a report on 12 April 2010 prepared by the Department of Antiquities. It indicates that the Petra Development and Tourism Region Authority was established following a Governmental law (law no. 15) endorsed in August 2009, in order to develop Petra’s region in touristic, economic, social and cultural terms, as well as contributing to local development. While this new Authority takes over the duties of the previously appointed Petra Archaeological Park Council, the Law of Antiquities governing the protection and management of the archaeological sites of the country remains in effect.
Safety concerns pertaining to the crack that had been detected along the south side of the Siq
The State Party reports that risk of rock fall is a serious threat on the site: a large rock fall incident occurred in the Siq in May 2009, and in March 2010 a tomb facade collapsed. The State Party reports that the Department of Antiquities had in particular noted the risks posed by the cracked rock along the southern side of the Siq and that temporary preventive works were carried out in order to prevent immediate further damages and to eliminate threats linked to visitor safety. The report notes that the crack was sealed in order to prevent water seepage during the winter season 2009/2010. Moreover, a detailed study was completed in January 2010 by the Arab Consultants Bureau which concluded, among others, that it would be necessary to carry out interventions in order to avoid risking an increase of the crack and/or the occurrence of additional cracks. Temporary scaffolding is in place and the State Party report notes that temporary support works need to be installed prior to the stabilization.
State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List
WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 101