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    • research and periodic monitoring of the churches (control of microclimate; emergency control of humidity; anti-capillary moisture system);

    • monitoring of main monuments and urban fabric;

    • research of main archaeological sites;

    • numerous inspections and meetings identifying illegal interventions in the city;

    • establishment of recommendations to remove all illegal constructions;

    • establishment of an access regime for some churches;

    • regulation of visitors pressure by the Municipality of Nessebar;

    • installation of information panels;

    • analysis aiming to establish criteria for the establishment of protection zones;

    • elaboration of protection regimes for eight city’s zones;

    • analysis of risks related to the climate (1993);

    • study of climatic characteristic of the area.

  • e)

    Proposed measures for protection and management:

In its report, the State Party proposed main actions to be implemented in order to maintain the World Heritage status of the property, in particular:

  • Preparation of a strategy for sustainable development of the city;

  • Preparation and adoption of an Urban Development Plan of the city, including detailed protection regimes and regulations;

  • Preparation of a project to re-establish the authenticity of the City in line with the protection requirements;

  • Modification of the boundaries of the World Heritage property;

  • Removing of all movable facilities and advertisements out of the Ancient City of Nessebar and establishment of an overall concept for necessary facilities;

  • Preparation of a specialized cadastral map, including archaeological cadastre;

  • Preparation, adoption and implementation of a protection and management plan for the Ancient City of Nessebar;

  • Preparation of a programme for the development of cultural tourism;

  • Preparation of an urban design concept ;

  • Establishment of an inventory and of a heritage information system;

  • Submission by the Municipality of Nessebar to the national authorities of the sea defense project along the coastline of the peninsula and the architectural project of the sea defense of the coastline of the Ancient City;

  • Creation of a specialized body within the Municipality of Nessebar for cultural heritage protection;

  • Creation of a joint body (with the participation of non-governmental organizations and representatives of scientific institutes) to coordinate the activities related to the protection of the World Heritage property.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note, with deep concern, serious changes due to inappropriate urban development; the substantial visual impact of some developments; lack of conservation, restoration and consolidation of monuments and archaeological sites; lack of an appropriate management system and legal framework in the urban fabric combined with the lack of coordination among authorities, which is a potential threat to the Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and authenticity of the property.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies recommend that a mission be sent to enable the World Heritage Committee to examine the state of conservation of this property, with a view to considering the inscription of the World Heritage property of the Ancient City of Nessebar, Bulgaria, on the List of the World Heritage in Danger.

State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List

WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 143

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