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113. Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá (Panamá) (C 790bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1997, 2003 extension

Criteria (ii) (iv) (vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A

Previous Committee Decisions 27 COM 8C.40; 32 COM 7B.126; 33 COM 7B.141

International Assistance N/A

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds N/A

Previous monitoring missions March 2009: Joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; March 2010: In occasion of the joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to Portobelo and San Lorenzo, a technical visit to the Archaeological site of Panama Viejo and the Historic District was undertaken, as requested by the Authorities of Panama.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

  • a)

    Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threatens the Outstanding Universal Value of the property;

  • b)

    Conflicting interests of different stakeholders with regards to the use, management and conservation of the

historic centre;

  • c)

    Limited capacity for the rehabilitation and maintenance of historic structures;

  • d)

    Deficiencies in the implementation of the legislative framework for protection;

  • e)

    Lack of implementation of clear conservation and management policies for the property;

  • f)

    Demolition of urban ensembles and buildings;

  • g)

    Forced displacement of occupants and squatters;

  • h)

    Urban development projects within the protected area (i.e. Cinta Costera).

Illustrative material http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/790

Current conservation issues

The World Heritage Centre received information regarding the state of conservation, and additional information concerning Panama Viejo on 20 October 2009. The State Party submitted an Emergency Plan for corrective measures for the property from which some information about the implementation of the World Heritage Committee’s Decision can be gleaned. In addition, within the context of a reactive monitoring mission to the Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama, the national authorities requested a technical visit to the property for an assessment of current conditions and issues.

The information received and the technical visit to the property highlighted concerns regarding the Historic District of Panama and how the absence of a clear policy concerning the preservation and development of the area was significantly affecting the site. There have

State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List

WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 193

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