The mission noted the importance of managing the property holistically and recommended a review and strengthening of institutional arrangements related to management of the property, and initiatives for co-operative planning, management and research between Waterton Lakes and Glacier National Parks, possibly supported by a shared project funding resource, to make more effective use of resources. The mission also recommended further co-operation be fostered between the Parks and land and resource managers and key stakeholders in the Crown of the Continent ecosystem, and be supervised by the Crown Managers’ Partnership. In particular this should encourage greater synergies with the Biosphere Reserves, First Nations and indigenous tribal groups, and environmental NGOs on issues of mutual interest. It noted that the entire Flathead basin, in Canada and the United States of America is important for protecting, maintaining and buffering the Outstanding Universal Value of the World Heritage property, and recommended a single conservation and wildlife management plan be developed for the transboundary Flathead.
The States Parties report notes that on 9 February 2010 the Government of British Columbia (Canada) announced a new partnership with the State of Montana (United States of America) to “sustain the environmental values of the Flathead River Basin in a manner consistent with current forestry, recreation, guide outfitting and trapping uses”, which will
“establish new collaborative approaches to transboundary issues”. The area
covered by this the Premier of
Columbia and the and Cooperation
Governor of Montana signed a on Environmental Protection,
Memorandum of Climate Action
Understanding and Energy.
Representatives of the Tribes spoke in support identified for joint action.
Ktunaxa Nation Council and Confederated Salish and Kootenai and signed the MOU as witnesses. A range of areas of work are The States Parties report that the MOU resolves three decades of
discussion process of
and puts in place a new framework for cooperation and partnership, and a implementation is proceeding. The State Party of the United States of America
notes additionally the importance boundary assessments of forestry
of specific mechanisms for implementation such as trans- operations and cooperation on wildlife connectivity issues.
The States Parties also report on landscape change by the Crown landscape indicator for key species.
transboundary assessments of ecological health and Managers Partnership, including development of a
The World Heritage Centre and IUCN welcome the historic signing of the MOU which is an extremely positive response to the needs for transboundary cooperation on the management, endorsed at the highest political level. The key need is now the follow up of the MOU with an effective programme of implementation and leadership, involving all parties to the MOU.
Mining threats in the Flathead watershed
The mission to the property reviewed mining threats to the property and considered that mining in the transboundary Flathead watershed would not be compatible with the protection of the Outstanding Universal Value of the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. Accordingly, the Southern Rocky Mountains Management Plan (SRMMP) should be revised to provide for permanent prohibition of mining and energy development in the Canadian Flathead. The mission made additional recommendations on specific mining threats in areas around the property.
The States Parties report that the MOU noted above includes specific provisions to remove mining, oil and gas development and coal development as permissible land uses in the Flathead River Basin. Three immediate actions have been taken by the Province of British Columbia (BC). These include a no disposition notation that identifies that petroleum and natural gas rights will not be posted for tenure in the Flathead, a mineral and coal reserve to prevent acquisition of new mineral titles and coal tenures, and a Cabinet Order to prohibit the issuing of Mines Act permits in the BC portion of the Flathead River Basin. The Province is also amending the SRMMP to bring this into alignment with the commitment above. There
State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List
WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 30