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Lake Baikal (Russian Federation) (N 754)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1996

Criteria (vii) (viii) (ix) (x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A

Previous Committee Decisions 31 COM 7B.31; 32 COM 7B.24; 33 COM 7B.28

International Assistance Total amount provided to the property: USD 63,528 for Preparatory Assistance and Training

UNESCO extra-budgetary funds N/A

Previous monitoring missions 1998: World Heritage Centre monitoring mission; 2001: UNESCO / IUCN reactive monitoring mission; 2005: World Heritage Centre / IUCN reactive monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

  • a)

    Lack of adequate management regime;

  • b)

    Uncertain legal protection;

  • c)


  • d)

    Illegal timber harvesting;

  • e)

    Gas and oil pipeline project across the World Heritage property (issue solved);

  • f)

    Illegal construction on the Lake shore;

  • g)

    Illegal sale of land;

  • h)

    Tourism development.

Illustrative material http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/754

Current conservation issues

Since the 33rd session, the World Heritage Centre and IUCN received information about the re-opening of the Baikalsk Paper and Pulp Mill (BPPM) and its likely impacts on the Outstanding Universal Value and integrity of Lake Baikal. In a series of letters dated 16 November 2009, 24 December 2009, 19 January 2010, 4 February 2010, 26 April 2010 and 6 May 2010 the World Heritage Centre requested the State Party to comment on the re- opening of the BPPM. Only on 2 June 2010 a letter was received from the State Party which provides detailed information on the BPPM, which is currently under review. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN received the following information from a number of sources.


Re opening of the Baikalsk Paper and Pulp Mill

On 13 January 2010 the State Party approved Decree No.1 “On the introduction of amendments to the list of activities prohibited in the Central Ecological Zone of the Baikal Natural Area”, making amendments to the "List of activities banned in the central ecological zone of the Baikal Natural Territory" adopted in 2001. This decree removes paragraph 12 of the List: "ban on the production of cellulose, paper, carton, or derivatives thereof without using waste-free systems of industrial water usage", therefore making it again possible for BPPM to operate without using a closed water cycle. With a closed water cycle, the plant would operate without discharging wastewater into the Lake. The new decree also permits the storage, processing, disposal and incineration of all waste, including hazardous waste. According to the information received BPPM began re-opening in late December 2009 and

State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List

WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 37

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