language translation was subsequently delivered on 6 April 2010. The report provides a brief overview of the progress achieved in implementing the recommendations of the 2008 World
Heritage Centre/ IUCN monitoring mission.
To date, the State Party has not submitted a
draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value as requested in Decision 32 COM 7B.32.
The State Party reports that an international agreement between Brazil and Argentina has been developed covering joint management and monitoring of Iguaçu and Iguazu National Parks, which is in the process of being signed. However, the report does not specify whether the agreement also covers research, resource protection, and public use oriented towards preserving the values of the property, as recommended by the 2008 mission. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN consider that the development of an international agreement between Brazil and Argentina may be a positive step towards creating a permanent and effective mechanism for transboundary cooperation; however it is considered essential that park administrations at the local level in both countries be empowered and resourced to ensure the effective implementation of this agreement. The State Party is invited to submit a copy of this agreement to the World Heritage Centre when it is signed.
Coordinated revision of management plans
The report notes that during 2009, the Iguaçu and Iguazu National Park administrations met several times to discuss joint management and monitoring issues, and in particular the immediate actions required to reduce the impacts of public use in both parks, as recommended by the 2008 mission. As a result of these meetings, the State Party reports that some management actions were immediately undertaken, but does not specify which ones. The report also notes that a number of longer-term joint management actions are currently being planned, but does not indicate when the coordinated revisions of the two management plans will be completed and what the mechanism for its approval would be as to ensure its further implementation. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN consider that the input of an external expert may be beneficial to the joint management plan revision process and that the State Party could be invited to submit an International Assistance Request to organise a series of joint management planning workshops. IUCN is willing to facilitate expert advice through the World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) in this regard.
The State Party reports that studying the impacts of weekly variations in the water volumes of the Iguaçu River and Falls on the property’s scenic and biodiversity values is a priority. The 2008 mission recommended that the aim of this study should be to develop a monitoring process to track water-level change and regularly inform decision-making. Due to budget restrictions the park authorities are seeking to undertake this study through various research institutes, which are currently developing project proposals and investigating funding opportunities. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN recall that the weekly variations in water volumes across the Iguaçu River and Falls due to the closure of the Salto Caxias dam on weekends (when energy demand is low) has significantly degraded both the scenic and biological values of the property.
The World Heritage Centre and IUCN note that the State Party does not report on point 5 of Committee Decision 32 COM 7B.32 concerning the implementation of an early warning system to alert the World Heritage Committee of any plans to develop a hydroelectric project on the Iguaçu River that would adversely affect the property. They also note that the 2008 mission reported that a dam (programmed within the National Development Plan of Brazil) is planned somewhere within the 25km between the falls and the existing Salto Caxias dam.
State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List
WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 59