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Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru) (C/N 274)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1983

Criteria (i) (iii) (vii) (ix)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A Reinforced monitoring mechanism applied to the property in 2008 (Decision 32 COM 7B.44) and discontinued in 2009 (Decision 33 COM 7B.42)

Previous Committee Decisions 31 COM 7B.45; 32 COM 7B.44; 33 COM 7B.42

International Assistance Total amount provided to the property: USD 103,825 for fire suppression equipment; Master Plan development; and consultancies, such as a stone specialist for assessment of restoration work required on the Intihuatana stone sculpture.

UNESCO extra-budgetary funds Total amount provided to the property: USD 15,000 for the social participation workshop requested by the World Heritage Committee (Decision 30 COM 7B.35).

Previous monitoring missions October 1997: IUCN/ICOMOS mission; October 1999: World Heritage Centre/IUCN/ICOMOS mission; February- March 2002: World Heritage Centre/IUCN/ICOMOS mission; October 2003: World Heritage Centre visit; April 2005: World Heritage Centre mission; April, 2007: World Heritage Centre/IUCN/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; January 2009: World Heritage Centre/IUCN/ICOMOS reinforced monitoring mission; February 2010: World Heritage Centre urgent technical mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

  • a)

    Delays in reviewing the Master Plan and developing detailed yearly operational plans, and inadequate budgetary support for effective implementation;

  • b)

    No evaluation of transport options, related geological studies, or the impact of bus traffic on increasing the risk of landslides;

  • c)

    Lack of impact studies related to the carrying capacity of the Citadel and Inca Trail;

  • d)

    Delays in the development and implementation of a public use plan;

  • e)

    Delays in implementing urban planning and control measures for the Machu Picchu village, immediately adjacent to the property and its main point of entry, which has impacted on the visual values of the property;

  • f)

    Lack of effective management of the property;

  • g)

    Lack of risk management plans related to natural disasters;

  • h)

    Inadequate governance arrangements including lack of adequate coordination of activities between different institutions and stakeholders involved in site management;

  • i)

    Uncontrolled visitor access to the western part of the Sanctuary, related to the construction of the Carrilluchayoc Bridge.

Illustrative material http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/274 http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/587/

State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List

WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 74

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